REACTION   DYNAMICS   AND   MATERIALS   IN    EXTREME   ENVIRONMENTS

RDMEE

1.    R.I. Kaiser, Chemische Prozesse durch Zyklotronionen in festem Methan - Simulation der Wechselwirkung kosmischer Strahlung mit einfachen extraterrestrischen Eiskoerpern, Report-Juel-2492, 130pp  (1991).

2.   R.I. Kaiser, R.M. Mahfouz, K. Roessler, Emission of organic products from the surface of frozen methane under MeV ion irradiation, Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 65, 468-471  (1992).   (PDF)

3.   R.I. Kaiser, J. Lauterwein, P. Mueller, K. Roessler, Energy density effects in the formation of organic residues in frozen methane by MeV ions, Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 65, 463-467  (1992).   (PDF)

4.   R.M. Mahfouz, M. Sauer, S.T. Atwa, R.I. Kaiser, K. Roessler, Interaction of MeV ions and VUV photons with polymers and high molecular hydrocarbons, Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 65, 447-451  (1992).   (PDF)

5.   R.I. Kaiser, K. Roessler, Cosmic ray modification of organic cometary matter as simulated by cyclotron irradiation, Ann. Geophys. 10, 222-225  (1992).

6.   R.I. Kaiser, K. Roessler, Modification of primordial ices by cosmic rays as simulated by cyclotron irradiation in: Asteroids, Comets, Meteors, A.W. Harris, E. Bowell eds., LPI, Houston, 293-295  (1993).

7.   K. Roessler, R.I. Kaiser, E. Langenscheidt, Strahlenchemie von Koerpern des Sonnensystems in Laborsimulationen, in Proceedings 8. Kometenwerkstatt, K. Roessler, K. Thiel eds., Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, Juelich  (1993), 127-137.

8.   R.I. Kaiser, MeV-Ionen induzierte chemische Reaktionen in festem Methan, Ethen und Ethin. Theoretische und experimentelle Studien zur Wechselwirkung kosmischer Strahlung mit extraterrestrischen Eiskoerpern, Report-Juel-2856, 143 pp. (1993).

9.   R.I. Kaiser, A. Gabrysch, K. Roessler, Cosmic ray simulator: A versatile apparatus for quantitative studies on the interaction of cosmic rays with frozen solids by on line and in situ quadrupole mass spectrometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 3058-3066  (1995).   (PDF)

10.   R.I. Kaiser, P. Jansen, K. Petersen, K. Roessler, On line and in situ quantification of gas mixtures by matrix interval algebra assisted quadrupole mass spectrometry, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5226-5231  (1995).   (PDF)

11.   R.I. Kaiser, A.G. Suits, A High-Intensity, Pulsed Supersonic Carbon Source with C(3Pj) Kinetic Energies of 0.08 - 0.7 eV for Crossed Beam Experiments, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 5405-5411  (1995).   (PDF)

12.   R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, Crossed Beam Reaction of C(3Pj) with C2H2(1Σg+): Observation of Tricarbon-Hydride C3H, J. Chem. Phys. 103,10395-10398  (1995).   (PDF)

13.   R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, Crossed-beam reaction of carbon atoms with hydrocarbon molecules. I. Chemical dynamics of the propargyl radical formation, C3H3 (X2B2), from reaction of C(3Pj) with ethylene, C2H4 (X1Ag), J.Chem. Phys. 105, 8705-8720  (1996).   (PDF)

14.   R.I. Kaiser, D. Stranges, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, Crossed-beam reaction of carbon atoms with hydrocarbon molecules. II. Chemical dynamics of n-C4H3 formation from reaction of C(3Pj) with methylacetylene, CH3CCH (X1A1), J. Chem. Phys. 105, 8721-8733  (1996).   (PDF)

15.   R.I. Kaiser, C. Ochsenfeld, M. Head-Gordon, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, A combined experimental and theoretical study on the formation of interstellar C3H isomers, Science 274, 1508-1511  (1996).   (PDF)

16.   R.I. Kaiser, K. Roessler, Theoretical and laboratory studies on the interaction of cosmic-ray particles with interstellar ices. I. Synthesis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by a cosmic-ray-induced multicenter mechanism, Ap. J. 475, 144-154  (1997).   (PDF)

17.   R.I. Kaiser, C. Ochsenfeld, M. Head-Gordon, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, Crossed-beam reaction of carbon atoms with hydrocarbon molecules. III: Chemical dynamics of propynylidyne (l-C3H; X2) and cyclopropynylidyne (c-C3H; X2B2) formation from reaction of C(3Pj) with acetylene, C2H2(X1Σg+), J. Chem. Phys. 106, 1729-1741  (1997).   (PDF)

18.   R.I. Kaiser, D. Stranges, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, Neutral-Neutral reactions in the interstellar medium. I. formation of carbon hydride radicals via reaction of carbon atoms with unsaturated hydrocarbons, Ap. J. 477, 982-989  (1997).   (PDF)

19.   R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, M. Head-Gordon, A Coupled-Cluster ab initio study of triplet C3H2 and the neutral-neutral reaction to interstellar C3H, J. Chem. Phys. 106, 4141-4151  (1997).   (PDF)

20.   R.I. Kaiser, D. Stranges, H.M. Bevsek, Y.T. Lee, A.G. Suits, Crossed-beam reaction of carbon atoms with hydrocarbon molecules. IV. Chemical dynamics of methylpropargyl radical formation, C4H5, from reaction of C(3Pj) with propylene, C3H6 (X1A'), J. Chem. Phys. 106, 4945-4953  (1997).   (PDF)

21.   R.I. Kaiser, W. Sun, A. G. Suits, Crossed beam reaction of atomic carbon C(3Pj) with hydrogen sulfide, H2S (X1A1): observation of the thioformyl radical, HCS(X2A'), J. Chem. Phys. 106, 5288-5291  (1997).   (PDF)

22.   R.I. Kaiser, G. Eich, A. Gabrysch, K. Roessler, Theoretical and laboratory studies on the interaction of cosmic-ray particles with interstellar ices. II. Formation of atomic and molecular hydrogen in frozen organic molecules , Ap. J. 484, 487-498  (1997).   (PDF)

23.   R.I. Kaiser, W. Sun, A.G. Suits, Y.T. Lee, Crossed beam reaction of atomic carbon, C(3Pj), with the propargyl radical, C3H3(X2B2): Observation of diacetylene, C4H2(X1Σg+), J. Chem. Phys. 107, 8713-8716  (1997).   (PDF)

24.   R.I. Kaiser, C. Ochsenfeld, M. Head-Gordon, Y.T. Lee, The formation of HCS and HCSH Molecules and Their Role in the Collision of Comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter, Science 279, 1181-1184  (1998).   (PDF)

25.   C. Lecluse, F. Robert, R.I. Kaiser, K. Roessler, C.T. Pillinger, M. Javoy, Carbon isotopes of irradiated methane ices: implications for cometary 12C/13C ratio, Astronomy and Apics 330, 1175-1179  (1998).   (PDF)

26.   H. Habara, S. Yamamoto, C. Ochsenfeld, M. Head-Gordon, R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, Fourier transform millimeter-wave spectroscopy of the HCS radical in the 2A' ground electronic state, J. Chem. Phys. 108, 8859-8863  (1998).   (PDF)

27.   R.I. Kaiser, K. Roessler, Theoretical and laboratory studies on the interaction of cosmic-ray particles with interstellar ices. III. Suprathermal chemistry-induced formation of hydrocarbon molecules in solid methane (CH4), ethylene (C2H4), and acetylene (C2H2), Ap. J. 503, 959-975  (1998).   (PDF)

28.   R.I. Kaiser, C. Ochsenfeld, D. Stranges, M. Head-Gordon, Y.T. Lee, Combined Crossed Molecular Beams and ab initio Investigation of the Formation of Carbon-bearing Molecules in the interstellar medium via neutral-neutral reactions, Farad. Discussion 109, 183-204  (1998).   (PDF)

29.   R.I. Kaiser et al., General Discussion, Faraday Discussion 109, 83-108  (1998).   (PDF)

30.   R.I. Kaiser et al., General Discussion, Faraday Discussion 109, 217-256  (1998).   (PDF)

31.   R.I. Kaiser et al., General Discussion, Faraday Discussion 109, 493-516  (1998).   (PDF)

32.   R.I. Kaiser, C. Ochsenfeld, M. Head-Gordon, Y.T. Lee, Neutral-Neutral reactions in the interstellar medium. II. isotope effects in the formation of linear and cyclic C3H and C3D radicals in interstellar environments, Ap. J. 510 784-788  (1999).   (PDF)

33.   R.I. Kaiser, C. Ochsenfeld, M. Head-Gordon, Y.T. Lee, Crossed-beam reaction of carbon atoms with sulfur containing molecules. I. Chemical dynamics of thioformyl (HCS X2A') formation from reaction of C(3Pj) with hydrogen sulfide, H2S(X1A1), J. Chem. Phys.110, 2391-2403  (1999).   (PDF)

34.   R.I. Kaiser, I. Hahndorf, L.C.L. Huang, Y.T. Lee, H.F. Bettinger, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, P.R. Schreiner, Crossed beams reaction of atomic carbon, C(3Pj), with d6-benzene, C6D6(X1A1g): Observation of the per-deutero-1,2-didehydro-cycloheptatrienyl radical, C7D5(X2B2), J. Chem. Phys. 110, 6091-6094  (1999).   (PDF)

35.   L.C.L. Huang, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, Crossed beam reaction of the cyanogen radical,  CN(X2Σ+),   with acetylene, C2H2(X1Σg+): Observation of cyanoacetylene, HCCCN(X1Σ+), J. Chem. Phys. 110, 7119-7122  (1999).   (PDF)

36.   C. Ochsenfeld, R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, M. Head-Gordon, Coupled-Cluster ab initio investigation of singlet/triplet CH2S isomers and the reaction of atomic carbon with hydrogen sulfide to HCS/HSC, J. Chem. Phys 110, 9982-9988  (1999).   (PDF)

37.   R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, A.H.H. Chang, S.H. Lin, Y.T. Lee, Crossed-beam reaction of carbon atoms with hydrocarbon molecules. V. Chemical dynamics of n-C4H3 formation from reaction of C(3Pj) with allene, H2CCCH2 (X1A1), J. Chem. Phys. 110, 10330 - 10344  (1999).   (PDF)

38.   R.I. Kaiser, G. Eich, A. Gabrysch, K. Roessler, The hydrogen peroxyde radical, HO2 - a potential tracer of interstellar molecular oxygen, Astron. Ap. 346, 340-344  (1999).   (PDF)

39.   L.C.L. Huang, N. Balucani, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, Y. Osamura, Crossed beam reaction of the cyano radical, CN(X2Σ+), with methylacetylene, CH3CCH (X1A1): Observation of cyanopropyne, CH3CCCN (X1A1), and cyanoallene, H2CCCHCN (X1A'), J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2857-2860  (1999).   (PDF)

40.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, A.H.H. Chang, S.H. Lin, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, H.F. Bettinger, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, Crossed beam reaction of cyano radicals with hydrocarbon molecules. I. Chemical dynamics of cyanobenzene (C6H5CN; X1A1) and perdeutero cyanobenzene (C6D5CN; X1A1) formation from reaction of CN(X2Σ+) with benzene, C6H6(X1A1g), and d6-benzene, C6D6(X1A1g), J. Chem. Phys. 111, 7457-7471  (1999).   (PDF)

41.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, A.H.H. Chang, S.H. Lin, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, H.F. Bettinger, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, Crossed beam reaction of cyano radicals with hydrocarbon molecules. II. Chemical dynamics of 1-cyano-1-methylallene (CNCH3CCCH2; X1A') formation from reaction of CN(X2Σ+) with dimethylacetylene, CH3CCCH3 (X1A1'), J. Chem. Phys. 111, 7472-7479  (1999).   (PDF)

42.   R.I. Kaiser, J.W. Ting, L.C.L. Huang, N. Balucani, O. Asvany, Y.T. Lee, H. Chan, D. Stranges, D. Gee, A versatile source to produce high-intensity, pulsed supersonic radical beam for crossed-beams experiments: the cyanogen radical CN(X2Σ+) as a case study, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 4185-4191  (1999).   (PDF)

43.   R.I. Kaiser, Book review on 'Laboratory Apics and Space Research', edited by P. Ehrenfreud, C. Krafft, H. Kochan, V. Pironello, Planetary and Space Science, 48, 113-114  (2000).   (PDF)

44.   A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, Ab initio MO study of the global potential energy surface of C4H4 in triplet electronic state and the reactions of C(3Pj) with C3H4 (allene and propyne) and C2(A3Пu) with C2H4(X1A1g+), J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 1776-1788  (2000).   (PDF)

45.   R.I. Kaiser, O. Asvany, Y.T. Lee, H.F. Bettinger, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, Crossed beam reaction of phenyl radicals with unsaturated hydrocarbon molecules. I. Chemical dynamics of phenylmethylacetylene (C6H5CCCH3; X1A') formation from reaction of C6H5(X2A1) with methylacetylene, CH3CCH(X1A1,), J. Chem. Phys 112, 4994-5001  (2000).   (PDF)

46.   R.I. Kaiser, O. Asvany, Y.T. Lee, Crossed beam investigation of elementary reactions relevant to the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-like molecules in extraterrestrial environments, Planetary and Space Science 48,483-492 (2000).   (PDF)

47.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, Y. Osamura, L.C.L. Huang, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory investigation on the formation of unsaturated nitriles in Titan's atmosphere, Planetary and Space Science 48, 447-462  (2000).   (PDF)

48.   R.I. Kaiser, N. Balucani, O. Asvany, Y.T. Lee, Astrochemistry: From molecular clouds to Planetary systems, Y.C.Minh, E.F. van Dishoeck (eds.), Crossed molecular beam experiments of radical-neutral reactions relevant to the formation of hydrogen deficient molecules in extraterrestrial environments, IAU Series 197, 251-264  (2000).

49.   H.F. Bettinger, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, P.R. Schreiner, R.I. Kaiser,Y.T. Lee, The reaction of benzene with a ground state carbon atom, C(3Pj), J. Chem. Phys. 113, 4250-4263  (2000).   (PDF)

50.   I. Hahndorf, H.Y. Lee, A.M. Mebel,S.H. Lin, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, A combined crossedbeam and ab initio investigation on the reaction of carbonspecies with C4H6 isomers. I. the 1 ,3-butadiene molecule, H2CCHCHCH2 (X1A'), J. Chem. Phys. 113, 9622-9636  (2000).   (PDF)

51.   L.C.L. Huang, H.Y. Lee, A.M. Mebel, S.H. Lin, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, A combined crossed beam and ab initio investigation on the reaction of carbon species with C4H6 isomers. II. The dimethylacetylene molecule, H3CCCCH3 (X1A1g), J. Chem. Phys. 113, 9637-9648  (2000).   (PDF)

52.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, A.H.H. Chang, S.H. Lin, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, Y. Osamura, Crossed beam reaction of cyano radicals with hydrocarbon molecules. III. Chemical dynamics of vinylcyanide (C2H3CN;X1A') formation from reaction of CN(X2Σ+) with ethylene, C2H4(X1Ag), J. Chem. Phys 113, 8643-8655  (2000).   (PDF)

53.   L.C.L. Huang, O. Asvany, A.H.H. Chang, N. Balucani, S.H. Lin, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, Y. Osamura, Crossed beam reaction of cyano radicals with hydrocarbon molecules. IV. Chemical dynamics of cyanoacetylene (HCCCN; X1Σ+) formation from reaction of CN(X2Σ+) with acetylene, C2H2(X1Σg+), J. Chem. Phys. 113, 8656-8666  (2000).   (PDF)

54.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, Y. T. Lee, R. I. Kaiser, N. Galland, Y. Hannachi, Observation of borirene from crossed beam reaction of boron atoms with ethylene, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122 11234-11235  (2000).   (PDF)

55.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, L.C.L. Huang, Y. T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, Y. Osamura, H.F. Bettinger, Formation of Nitriles in the Interstellar Medium via reactions of cyano radicals, CN(X2Σ+), with unsaturated hydrocarbons, Ap.J. 545, 892-906  (2000).   (PDF)

56.   R.I. Kaiser, A. Mebel, Y.T. Lee, Chemical dynamics of cyclopropynylidyne (c-C3H; X2B2) formation from the reaction of C(1D) with acetylene, C2H2(X1Σg+), J. Chem. Phys. 114, 231-239  (2001).   (PDF)

57.   R.I. Kaiser, H.Y. Lee, A.M. Mebel, Y. T. Lee, The formation of C5H5 isomers as potential key intermediates to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-like molecules, Ap.J. 548, 852-860  (2001).   (PDF)

58.   R.I. Kaiser, C.C. Chiong, O. Asvany, Y.T. Lee, F. Stahl, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, Chemical dynamics of d1-methyldiacetylene (CH3CCCCD; X1A1) and d1-ethynylallene (H2CCCH(C2D); X1A') formation from reaction of C2D(X2Σ+) with methylacetylene CH3CCH(X1A1), J. Chem. Phys. 114, 3488-3496  (2001).   (PDF)

59.   F. Stahl, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Bettinger, R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, H.F. Schaefer III, Reaction of the ethynyl radical, C2H, with methylacetylene, CH3CCH, under single collision conditions: implications for astrochemistry, J. Chem. Phys. 114, 3476-3487  (2001).   (PDF)

60.   T.N. Lee, H.Y. Lee, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Ab initio MO study of the triplet C3H4 potential energy surface and the reaction of C(3Pj) with ethylene, C2H4, J. Phys. Chem. A. 105, 1847-1856  (2001).   (PDF)

61.   T.L. Nguyen, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A theoretical investigation of the triplet carbon atom C(3P) + vinyl radical C2H3(2A') reaction and thermochemistry of C3Hn (n=1-4) species, J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 3284-3299  (2001).   (PDF)

62.   C.C. Chiong, O. Asvany, N. Balucani, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, Nucleation of hydrogen deficient carbon clusters in circumstellar envelops of carbon stars, World Scientific Press, Proceedings of the 8th Asia-Pacific Physics Conference, APPC 2000, 167-169  (2001).

63.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, N. Galland, M.T. Rayez, Y. Hannachi, Gas-phase detection of the HBCC(X1Σ) molecule: A combined crossed beam and computational study of the B(2P) + C2H2(1Σg+) reaction, J. Comp. Chem. (special issue in honor of Prof. Schleyers 70th birthday), 22, 1359-1365  (2001).   (PDF)

64.   T.N. Le, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Ab Initio Study of the C4H3 Potential Energy Surface and reaction of ground-state carbon atom with propargyl radical, J. Comp. Chem. (special issue in honor of Prof. Schleyers 70th birthday), 22, 1522-1535  (2001).   (PDF)

65.   N. Balucani, H.Y. Lee, A.M. Mebel, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, A combined crossed beam and ab initio investigation on the reaction of carbon species with C4H6 isomers. III. 1,2-butadiene, H2CCCH(CH3) (X1A') - a non-Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus system?, J. Chem. Phys., 115, 5107-5116  (2001).   (PDF)

66.   R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, Y.T. Lee, A.H.H. Chang, Unimolecular decomposition of chemically activated triplet C4HD3 complexes: a combined crossed-beam and ab initio study, J. Chem. Phys., 115, 5117-5125 (2001).   (PDF)

67.   R.I. Kaiser, N. Balucani, The Formation of Nitriles in Hydrocarbon-Rich Atmospheres of Planets and Their satellites: Laboratory Investigations by the Crossed Molecular Beam Technique, Acc. Chem. Res., 34, 699-706  (2001).   (PDF)

68.   R.I. Kaiser, The role of cyano (CN) and Ethynyl (C2H) Radicals in astrobiology and implications to the origin of life on Earth, ESA -Special Publication 'Exo- and Astrobiology', 496, 145-153  (2001).   (PDF)

69.   N. Balucani, A. M. Mebel, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, A Combined Crossed Molecular Beam and Ab Initio Study of the Reactions C2(X1Σg+,a3Πu) + C2H4 -> n-C4H3(X2A') + H(2S1/2), J. Phys. Chem. A, 43, 9813-9818  (2001).   (PDF)

70.   R.I. Kaiser, T.L. Lee, T.L. Nguyen, A.M. Mebel, N. Balucani, Y.T. Lee, F. Stahl, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, A combined crossed molecular beam and ab initio investigation of C2 and C3 elementary reactions with unsaturated hydrocarbons - pathways to hydrogen deficient hydrocarbon radicals in combustion flames, Faraday Discussion 119, 51-66  (2001).   (PDF)

71.   R.I. Kaiser et al. General Discussion, Faraday Discussions 119, 121-143  (2001).   (PDF)

72.   R.I. Kaiser et al. General Discussion, Faraday Discussions 119, 255-274  (2001).   (PDF)

73.   R.I. Kaiser et al. General Discussion, Faraday Discussions 119, 353-370  (2001).   (PDF)

74.   R.I. Kaiser, T.L. Nguyen, T.N. Le, A.M. Mebel, An ab initio investigation of reactions of carbon atoms, C(3Pj), with C2H4 and C3H6 in the interstellar medium, Ap.J. 561, 858-863  (2001).   (PDF)

75.   R.I. Kaiser, Molecular Symmetry and Group Theory, Phys. Science Educ. Reviews 3, 25  (2001).   (PDF)

76.   T.L. Nguyen, A.M. Mebel, S.H. Lin, R.I. Kaiser, Product branching ratios of the C(3P) + C2H3(2A')and CH(2Π) + C2H2 (1Σg+) reactions and photodissociation of H2CC=CH(2B1) at 193 and 242 nm: An ab initio/RRKM study, J. Phys. Chem. A, 43, 9813-9818  (2001).   (PDF)

77.   R.I. Kaiser, Y.T. Lee, Laboratory chemical dynamics in hydrocarbon rich atmospheres of outer planets, Highlights of Astronomy, Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 12, 88-91  (2002).

78.   A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, The formation of interstellar C2N isomers in circumstellar envelopes of carbon stars: an ab initio study, Ap.J. 564, 787-791  (2002).   (PDF)

79.   R.I. Kaiser, T.L. Nguyen, A.M. Mebel, Y.T. Lee, Stripping dynamics in the reactions of electronically excited carbon atoms, C(1D), with ethylene and propylene - production of propargyl and methylpropargyl radicals, J. Chem. Phys. 116, 1318-1324  (2002).   (PDF)

80.   I. Hahndorf, Y.T. Lee, R.I. Kaiser, L. Vereecken, J. Peeters, H.F. Bettinger, P.R. Schreiner, P.v.R. Schleyer, W.D. Allen, H.F. Schaefer III, A combined crossed-beam, ab initio, and Rice-Ramsperger-Kassel-Marcus investigation of the reaction of carbon atoms C(3Pj) with benzene, C6H6(X1A1g) and d6-benzene, C6D6(X1A1g), J. Chem. Phys. 116, 3248-3262  (2002).   (PDF)

81.   R.I. Kaiser, N. Balucani, Astrobiology - The final frontier in chemical reaction dynamics, Int. J. Astrobiology 1, 15-23  (2002).   (PDF)

82.   L. Vereecken, J. Peeters, H.F. Bettinger, R.I. Kaiser, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, Reaction of phenyl radicals with propyne, JACS 124, 2781-2789  (2002).   (PDF)

83.   N. Balucani, O. Asvany, R.I. Kaiser, Y. Osamura, Formation of three C4H3N isomers from the reaction of CN(X2Σ+) with allene, H2CCCH2 (X1A1), and methylacetylene, CH3CCH (X1A1): A combined crossed beam and ab initio study, J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 4301-4311  (2002).   (PDF)

84.   R.I. Kaiser, Experimental Investigation on the Formation of Carbon-Bearing Molecules in the Interstellar Medium via Neutral-Neutral Reactions, Chem. Rev., 102, 1309-1358  (2002).   (PDF)

85.   R.I. Kaiser, M. Yamada, Y. Osamura, A crossed beam and ab initio investigation of the reaction of hydrogen sulfide, H2S(X1A1), with dicarbon molecules, C2(X1 Σg+), J. Phys. Chem. A, 106, 4825-4832  (2002).   (PDF)

86.   R.I. Kaiser, H.F. Bettinger, Gas-Phase Detection of the elusive Benzoborirene Molecule, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 41, 2350-2352  (2002).   (PDF)

87.   R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, The reactivity of ground-state carbon atoms with unsaturated hydrocarbons in combustion flames and in the interstellar medium, Int. Rev. in Physical Chemistry, 21, 307-356  (2002).   (PDF)

88.   R.I. Kaiser, F. Stahl, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, Atomic and molecular hydrogen elimination in the crossed beam reaction of d1-ethinyl radicals C2D(X2Σ+) with acetylene,C2H2(X1 Σg+): Dynamics of d1-diacetylene (HCCCCD) and d1-butadiynyl (DCCCC) formation, PCCP, 4, 2950-2958  (2002).   (PDF)

89.   A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, An ab initio Study on the Formation of Interstellar Tricarbon Isomers 1-C3(X1 Σg+) and c-C3(X3A'2), Chem. Phys. Lett., 360, 139-143  (2002).   (PDF)

90.   F. Stahl, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, R.I. Kaiser, Reactions of ethynyl radicals as a source of C4 and C5 hydrocarbons in Titan's atmosphere, Planetary and Space Science 50, 685-692  (2002).   (PDF)

91.   M. Yamada, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, A comprehensive investigation on the formation of organo-sulfur molecules in dark clouds via neutral-neutral reactions, Astronomy and Apics 395, 1031-1044  (2002).   (PDF)

92.   T. L. Nguyen, A. M. Mebel, R. I. Kaiser, Potential Energy Surface and Product Branching Ratios for the Reaction of C(3Pj) with the Allyl Radical: An Ab Initio/RRKM Study, J. Phys. Chem. A, 107, 2990-2999 (2003).   (PDF)

93.   R.J. Morton, R.I. Kaiser, Kinetics of suprathermal hydrogen atom reactions with saturated hydrides in planetary and satellite atmospheres, Planetary and Space Sciences, 51, 365-373  (2003).   (PDF)

94.   D. Sillars, R.I. Kaiser, N. Galland, Y. Hannachi, Crossed-beam reaction of boron atoms, B(2Pj), with dimethylacetylene, CH3CCCH3(X1A1g): Untangling the reaction dynamics to form the 1,2-dimethylene-3-bora-cyclopropane molecule, J. Phys. Chem. A, 107, 5149-5156  (2003).   (PDF)

95.   R.I. Kaiser, L. Vereecken, J. Peeters, H.F. Bettinger, P.v.R. Schleyer, H.F. Schaefer III, Elementary reactions of the phenyl radical, C6H5, with C3H4 isomers, and of benzene, C6H6, with atomic carbon in extraterrestrial environments, Astronomy & Apics, 406, 385-391  (2003).   (PDF)

96.   R.I. Kaiser, N. Balucani, D.O. Charkin, A.M. Mebel, A crossed beam and ab initio study of the C2(X1Σg+/a3Πu) + C2H2(X1 Σg+) reactions, Chem. Phys. Lett. 382, 112-119  (2003).   (PDF)

97.   R.I. Kaiser, N. Balucani, N. Galland, F. Caralp, M.T. Rayez, Y. Hannachi, Unraveling the chemical dynamics of bimolecular reactions of ground state boron atoms, B(2Pj), with acetylene, C2H2(X1Σg+). Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 6, 2205-2210  (2004).   (PDF)

98.   H.F. Bettinger, R.I. Kaiser, Reaction of benzene and boron atom: Mechanism of Formation of Benzoborirene and Hydrogen Atom, JPCA, 108, 4576-4586  (2004).   (PDF)

99.   C.J. Bennett, C. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Untangling the formation of the cyclic carbon trioxide isomer in low temperature carbon dioxide ices, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 735-746  (2004).   (PDF)

100.   D. Sillars, C.J. Bennett, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, Infrared spectroscopic detection of the disilenyl (Si2H3) and d3-disilenyl (Si2D3) radicals in silane and d4-silane matrices, Chem. Phys. Lett. 392, 541-548  (2004).   (PDF)

101.   D. Sillars, C.J. Bennett, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, First infrared spectroscopic characterization of the disilyl (Si2H5) and d5-disilyl (Si2D5) radicals in low temperature silane matrices, Chem. Phys. 305, 141-153  (2004).   (PDF)

102.   C.J. Bennett, D. Sillars, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, Infrared spectroscopic identification of the methylsilylidyne (SiCH3, X2A") and the silenyl (H2CSiH, X2A') radicals in methane-silane matrices, Chem. Phys. Lett. 404, 327-335  (2005).   (PDF)

103.   H.F. Su, R.I. Kaiser, A.H.H. Chang, A theoretical study for the reaction of vinyl cyanide C2H3CN(X1A') with the ground state carbon atoms C(3P) in cold molecular clouds, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 074320/1-20  (2005).   (PDF)

104.   R.I. Kaiser, Y. Osamura, Infrared Spectroscopic Studies of Hydrogenated Silicon Clusters: Guiding the Search for Si2Hx Species in the Circumstellar Envelope of IRC+10216, Astron. & Ap. 432 559-566  (2005).   (PDF)

105.   N. Balucani, R.I. Kaiser, Cyanoalkynes and Cyanopolyynes: from Crossed Beam Experiments to Astrochemistry, Polyynes: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, F. Cataldo, ed., CRS Press, New York, 285-322  (2005).

106.   C.S. Jamieson, C.J. Bennett, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Investigating the mechanism for the formation of nitrous oxide (N2O (X1 Σ+)) in extraterrestrial ices, Ap. J. 624, 436-447  (2005).   (PDF)

107.   C.J. Bennett, C.S. Jamieson, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, A combined experimental and computational investigation on the synthesis of acetaldehyde (CH3CHO(X1A')) in interstellar ices, Ap. J. 624, 1097-1115  (2005).   (PDF)

108.   P.D. Holtom, C.J. Bennett, Y. Osamura, N.J. Mason, R.I. Kaiser, A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Formation of the Amino Acid Glycine (NH2CH2COOH) and its Isomer (CH3NHCOOH) in Extraterrestrial Ices, Ap.J. 626 940-952  (2005).   (PDF)

109.   D.S. Sillars, C.J. Bennett, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, Infrared spectroscopic detection of the methylsilyl (CH3SiH2, X2A') and the silylmethyl (CH2SiH3, X2A') radicals and their partially deuterated counterparts in low temperature matrices, Chem. Phys. 315, 41-52  (2005).   (PDF)

110.   R.I. Kaiser, Y. Osamura, Laboratory Studies on the Infrared Absorptions of Hydrogenated Carbon-Silicon Clusters: Directing the Identification of Organometallic SiCHx Species toward IRC+10216, Ap. J. 630, 1217-1223  (2005).   (PDF)

111.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, E. Kawamura, R.I. Kaiser, Design of a convection-cooled, cluster-based voltage divider chain for photomultiplier tubes, Rev. Sci. Instr. 76 083115-1-6  (2005).   (PDF)

112.   X. Gu, Y.Guo, R.I. Kaiser, Mass Spectrum of the Butadiynyl Radical (C4H; X2 Σ+), Int. J. Mass Spectr. 246, 29-34  (2005).   (PDF)

113.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, H. Chan, E. Kawamura, R.I. Kaiser, Design and Characteristics of a High-Precision Chopper Wheel Motor Driver, Rev. Sci. Instr. 76, 116103-1-3  (2005).   (PDF)

114.   C.J. Bennett, Y. Osamura, M.D. Lebar, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory studies on the formation of three C2H4O isomers- acetaldehyde (CH3CHO), ethylene oxide (c-C2H4O), and vinyl alcohol (CH2CHOH) - in interstellar and cometary ices, Ap.J. 634, 698-711  (2005).   (PDF)

115.   C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory studies on the formation of ozone (O3) on icy satellites and on interstellar and cometary ices, Ap. J. 635, 1362-1369  (2005).   (PDF)

116.   C.S. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Matrix Isolation Study of the Cs Symmetric OCNO(X2A″) Radical, PCCP 7, 4089-4095  (2005).   (PDF)

117.   H.Y. Li, W.C. Cheng, Y.L. Liu, B.J. Sun, C.Y. Huang, K.T. Chen, M.S. Tang, R.I. Kaiser, A. H. H. Chang, Reaction of cyanoacetylene HCCCN(X1Σ+) with ground-state carbon atoms C(3P) in cold molecular clouds, J. Chem. Phys, 124, 44307-1-19  (2006).   (PDF)

118.   A.M. Mebel, V.V. Kislov, R.I. Kaiser, Potential Energy Surface and Product Branching Ratios for the Reaction of Dicarbon,C2(X1 Σg+), with Methylacetylene, CH3CCH(X1A1): An Ab Initio/RRKM Study, JPCA 110, 2421-2433  (2006).   (PDF)

119.   W. Zheng, D. Jewitt, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Hydrogen Peroxide in Electron-Irradiated Crystalline Water Ice, Ap. J. 639, 534-548  (2006).   (PDF)

120.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, Mass Spectrum of the 1-Butene-3-yne-2-yl Radical (i-C4H3; X2A'), Int. J. Mass Spectrometry 249-250, 420-425  (2006).   (PDF)

121.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, E. Kawamura, R.I. Kaiser, Design of a modular and versatile interlock system for ultrahigh vacuum machines: A crossed molecular beam setup as a case study, Rev. Sci. Instr. 77, 034701-(1-9)  (2006).   (PDF)

122.   C.S. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Understanding the kinetics and dynamics of radiation-induced reaction pathways in carbon monoxide ice at 10 K, Ap. J.SS 163, 184-206  (2006).   (PDF)

123.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, E. Kawamura, R.I. Kaiser, Characteristics and Diagnostics of a Ultrahigh Vacuum Compatible Laser Ablation Source for Crossed Molecular Beam Experiments, J. Vac. Science & Technology A, 24, 505-511  (2006).   (PDF)

124.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, N. Balucani, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of the 2,4-pentadiynyl-1 radical (H2CCCCCH, X2B1) in the Crossed Beams Reaction of Dicarbon Molecules with Methylacetylene, JPCA 110, 6245-6249  (2006).   (PDF)

125.   W. Carrier, W. Zheng, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, First infrared spectroscopic characterization of digermyl (Ge2H5) and d5-digermyl (Ge2D5) radicals in low temperature germane matrices, Chemical Physics 325, 499-508  (2006).   (PDF)

126.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Chemical Dynamics of the Formation of the 1,3-Butadiynyl Radical (C4H(X2 Σ+)) and its Isotopomers, JPCA, 110, 11265-11278  (2006).   (PDF)

127.   W. Zheng, D. Jewitt, R.I. Kaiser, Temperature Dependence on the Formation of Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Hydrogen Peroxide in Electron-Irradiated Crystalline Water Ice, Ap. J. 648, 753-761  (2006).   (PDF)

128.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Unimolecular Decomposition of Chemically Activated Pentatetraene (H2CCCCCH2) Intermediates - A Crossed Beams Study of Dicarbon Molecule Reactions with Allene, JPCA 110, 10699-10707  (2006).   (PDF)

129.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics of Carbon-Bearing Radicals in Circumstellar Envelopes of Carbon Stars, Faraday Discussion 133: Chemical Evolution of the Universe, 245-275  (2006).   (PDF)

130.   W. Carrier, W. Zheng, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, Infrared spectroscopic identification of digermene, Ge2H4 (X1Ag), and of the digermenyl radical, Ge2H3(X2A"), together with their deuterated counterparts in low temperature germane matrices, Chem. Phys 330, 275-286  (2006).   (PDF)

131.   C.J. Bennett, C.S. Jamieson, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory studies on the irradiation of methane in interstellar, cometary, and solar system ices, Ap. J., 653, 792-811  (2006).   (PDF)

132.   R.I. Kaiser, P. Bernath, Y. Osamura, S. Petrie, A.M. Mebel, Astrochemistry-From Laboratory Studies to Observations, Amwerican Institute of Physics, New York  (2006).

133.   N.J. Mason, A. Dawes, P.D. Holtom, R.J. Mukerji, M.P. Davis, B. Sivaraman, R.I. Kaiser, S.V. Hoffman, D.A. Shaw, VUV spectroscopy and photo-processing of astrochemical ices: An experimental study, Faraday Discussion 133: Chemical Evolution of the Universe, 311-329  (2006).   (PDF)

134.   A. M. Mebel, V. V. Kislov, R. I. Kaiser, Ab Initio/RRKM Study of the Singlet C4H4 Potential Energy Surface and of the Reactions of C2(X1 Σg+) with C2H4(X1A1g) and C(1D) with C3H4 (Allene and Methylacetylene), J. Chem. Phys. 125, 133113-1/15(2006).   (PDF)

135.   N.J. Mason, A. Dawes, P.D. Holtom, R.J. Mukerji, M. P. Davis, B. Sivaraman, R.I. Kaiser, S.V. Hoffmann, D.A. Shaw, VUV Spectroscopy of Extraterrestrial Ices in: Astrochemistry - From Laboratory Studies to Observations, American Institute of Physics, 855, 128-142  (2006).

136.   Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, A Computational study of Si2H and Si2H2 species as candidates of interstellar molecules in: Astrochemistry - From Laboratory Studies to Observations, American Institute of Physics, 855, 289-295  (2006).

137.   Y. Ge, K. Olsen, R.I. Kaiser, J.D. Head, The potential energy surface of the H2O2 system, in: Astrochemistry - From Laboratory Studies to Observations, American Institute of Physics, 855, 253-259  (2006).

138.   C.S. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Identification of the D3h isomer of carbon trioxide (CO3) and its implications for atmospheric chemistry, Chem. Phys. Chem., 7, 2508-2513  (2006).   (PDF)

139.   Y. Chin, R.I. Kaiser, C. Lemme, C. Henkel, Detection of Interstellar Cyanoallene and its implications for Astrochemistry in: Astrochemistry - From Laboratory Studies to Observations, American Institute of Physics, 855, 149-153  (2006).

140.   Y. Guo, V.V. Kislov, X. Gu, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Reaction of Dicarbon (C2) with D1-Acetylene (HCCD): Possible Mechanisms for Deuterium enrichment in the interstellar D1-Butadiynyl Radical, (CCCCD(X2Σ+)), Ap. J., 653, 1577-1582  (2006).   (PDF)

141.   C.S. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser Investigating the Formation of Intermediates in the Reactions of Carbon dioxide (CO2) with Suprathermal Oxygen and Nitrogen Atoms, in: Astrochemistry - From Laboratory Studies to Observations. American Institute of Physics, 855, 100-106  (2006).

142.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R. I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics of Small Carbon Clusters with Unsaturated Hydrocarbons in the Interstellar Medium, in: Astrochemistry - From Laboratory Studies to Observations. American Institute of Physics, 855, 42-54  (2006).

143.   C.S. Jamieson, Y. Guo, X. Gu, F. Zhang, C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory Studies on the Formation of Carbon-Bearing Molecules in Extraterrestrial Environments - From the Gas Phase to the Solid State, Proceedings of the NASA Laboratory Astrophysics Workshop; NASA Special Issue, CP - 2006, 214549, 68-71  (2006).

144.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, F. Zhang, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Beams Study of the Reaction of Carbon Atoms, C(3Pj), with Vinyl Cyanide, C2H3CN(X1A') - Investigating the Formation of Cyano Propargyl Radicals, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 8, 5454 - 5461  (2006).   (PDF)

145.   W. Carrier, W. Zheng, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory Investigations on the Infrared Absorptions of Germanium-Bearing Molecules--Directing the Identification of Organo-Germanium Molecules in the Atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturn, Ap. J., 654, 687-692  (2007).   (PDF)

146.   W. Zheng, D.C. Jewitt, R.I. Kaiser, Electron Irradiation of Crystalline and Amorphous D2O Ice, CPL 435, 289-294  (2007).   (PDF)

147.   W. Carrier, C.S.Jamieson, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistic Studies on the Formation of Trifluoromethyl Sulfur Pentafluoride, SF5CF3 - A Greenhouse Gas, Inorganic Chemistry 46, 1332-1336  (2007).   (PDF)

148.   X. Gu,Y. Guo, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beams Study of the Reaction of Dicarbon Molecules with Benzene, Chem. Phys. Lett 436, 7-14  (2007).   (PDF)

149.   X. Gu,Y. Guo, R.I. Kaiser, Mass Spectra of the 2,4-Pentadiynylidyne (C5H; X2П) and the 2,4-Pentadiynyl-1 (n-C5H3; X2B1) Radicals, Int. J. Mass Spectrometry 261, 100-107  (2007).   (PDF)

150.   X. Gu,Y. Guo, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, Investigating the Chemical Dynamics of the Reaction of Ground-State Carbon Atoms with Acetylene and Its Isotopomers, JPCA. 111, 2980-2992  (2007).   (PDF)

151.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, F. Zhang, B-J Sun, M.F. Tsai, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, Unraveling the Formation of HCPH (X2A') Molecules in Extraterrestrial Environments: Crossed Molecular Beam Study of the Reaction of Carbon Atoms, C(3Pj), with Phosphine, PH3(X1A1), JPCA. 111, 3241-3247  (2007).   (PDF)

152.   Y. Guo, X. Gu, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Formation of Hexenediynyl Radicals (H2CCCCCCH; C6H3 (X2A')) via Reactions of Tricarbon Molecules, C3(X1 Σg+), with Allene (H2CCCH2; X1A1) and Methylacetylene (CH3CCH; X1A1), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 9, 1972-1979  (2007).   (PDF)

153.   C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, The Formation of Acetic Acid (CH3COOH) in Interstellar Ice Analogs, Ap. J. 660, 1289-1295  (2007).   (PDF)

154.   C.J. Bennett, S.H.Chen, B-J Sun, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Irradiation of Methanol in Extraterrestrial Ices, Ap. J. 660, 1588-1608  (2007).   (PDF)

155.   C.S. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Novel Detection of the C2v Isomer of Carbon Tetraoxide (CO4), CPL 440, 105-109  (2007).   (PDF)

156.   C.S. Jamieson, R. I. Kaiser, Isotopic Study of the Formation of the Azide Radical (N3), CPL 440, 98-104  (2007).   (PDF)

157.   F. Zhang, Y. Guo, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Reaction of Boron Atoms, B(2Pj), with Benzene, C6H6 (X1A1g), and D6-bezene C6D6(X1A1g), CPL 440, 56-63  (2007).   (PDF)

158.   W. Zheng, D.C. Jewitt, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Formation of Hydrogen Peroxide (HOOH), Hydrotrioxy (HOOO), and Dihydro gentrioxide (HOOOH) in Electron-Irradiated H218O/O2 Ice Mixtures, PCCP 20, 2556-2563  (2007).   (PDF)

159.   W. Zheng, R.I. Kaiser, An Infrared Spectroscopy Study of the Phase Transition in Solid Ammonia, Chem. Phys. Lett. 440, 229-234  (2007).   (PDF)

160.   R.I. Kaiser, L. Belau, S.R. Leone, M. Ahmed, Y. Wang, B.J. Braams, J. Bowman, A Combined Experimental and Computational Study on the Ionization Energies of the Cyclic and Linear C3H Isomers, Chem. Phys. Chem. 8, 1236-1239  (2007).   (PDF)

161.   Y. Guo, A.M. Mebel, F. Zhang, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, Crossed Molecular Beam Studies of the Reactions of Allyl Radicals, C3H5(X2A2) with Methylacetylene (CH3CCH(X1A1)), Allene (H2CCCH2(X1A1)), and Their Isotopomers, JPCA 111, 4914-4921  (2007).   (PDF)

162.   C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Glycolaldehyde (HCOCH2OH) and Methyl Formate (HCOOCH3) in Interstellar Ice Analogs, Ap.J. 661, 899-909  (2007).   (PDF)

163.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beams Study on the Formation and Energetics of the Resonantly Stabilized Free i-C4H3(X2A1) radical, and its Isotopomers, Chemical Physics 335, 95-108  (2007).   (PDF)

164.   J.G. Longenecker, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, First Infrared Spectroscopic Detection of the Monobridged (B2H5; C2v) Diboranyl Radical in Low Temperature Diborane Ices, Inorganic Chemistry 46, 5739-2743  (2007).   (PDF)

165.   A.M. Mebel, G.S. Kim, V.V. Kislov, R.I. Kaiser, The Reaction of Tricarbon with Acetylene: An Ab Initio/RRKM Study of the Potential Energy Surface and Product Branching Ratios, JPCA 111, 6704-6712  (2007).   (PDF)

166.   C.S. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, First detection of the C2 symmetric Isomer of Carbon Pentaoxide (CO5) at 10 K, Chemical Physics Lett. 443, 49-54  (2007).   (PDF)

167.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, F. Zhang, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Unimolecular Decomposition of Chemically Activated Singlet and Triplet D3-Methyldiacetylene Molecules, Chem. Phys. Lett. 444, 220-225  (2007).   (PDF)

168.   X. Gu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Formation of Phenylacetylene from Phenyl Radicals and Acetylene, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 46, 6866-6869  (2007).   (PDF)

169.   F. Zhang, X. Gu, Y. Guo, R.I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics on the Formation of Styrene: A Crossed Molecular Beam Study of the Reaction of Phenyl Radicals with Ethylene, J. Organic Chem. 72, 7597-7604  (2007).   (PDF)

170.   X. Gu, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Beam Reaction of the Phenyl Radical, (C6H5, X2A1) with Molecular Oxygen (O2; X3Σg-): Observation of the Phenoxy Radical, (C6H5O, X2A'), Chem. Phys. Lett. 448, 7-10  (2007).   (PDF)

171.   B. Sivaraman, C.S. Jamieson, N.J. Mason, R.I. Kaiser, Temperature-Dependent Formation of Ozone in Solar Oxygen by 5 keV Electron Irraditation and Implications for System Ices, Ap. J. 669, 1414-1421  (2007).   (PDF)

172.   X. Gu, F. Zhang, Y. Guo, R.I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics of Phenyl Radicals (C6H5, X2A') with Methylacetylene (CH3CCH(X1A1)), Allene (H2CCCH2(X1A1)), and Their D4-Isotopomers, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 11450-11459  (2007).   (PDF)

173.   A.M. Mebel, V. V. Kislov, R.I. Kaiser, Theoretical Studies of Potential Energy Surfaces and Product Branching Ratios for the Reactions of C2 with Small Unsaturated Hydrocarbons (Acetylene, Ethylene, Methylacetylene, and Allene), Gas Phase Molecular Reaction and Photodissociation Dynamics, Editors: K.C. Lin and P.D. Kleiber, Transworld Research Network, pp. 113-159  (2007).   (PDF)

174.   X. Gu, Y. Guo, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Beams Investigation of the Reactions of Tricarbon Molecules, C3(X1Σg+), with Acetylene, C2H2(X1Σg+), Ethylene, C2H4(X1Ag), and Benzene C6H6(X1A1g), Chem. Phys. Lett. 449, 44-52  (2007).   (PDF)

175.   W. Zheng, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Carbonic Acid (H2CO3) in Solar System Ices, Chem. Phys. Lett. 450, 55-60  (2007).   (PDF)

176.   M.J. Mottl, B.T. Glazer, R.I. Kaiser, K.J. Meech, Water and Astrobiology, Geochemistry 67, 253-282  (2007).   (PDF)

177.   F. Zhang, A.H.H. Chang, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Reaction of Boron Atoms, B(2Pj), with Allene, H2CCCH2(X1A1), JPCA 111, 13305-13310  (2007).   (PDF)

178.   F. Zhang, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, H.F. Bettinger, A Reinvestigation of the Gas Phase Reaction of Boron Atoms, 11B(2Pj)/10B(2Pj) with Acetylene, C2H2(X1Σg+), Chem. Phys. Lett. 450 178-185  (2008).   (PDF)

179.   C.S. Jamieson, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, First detection of the Cs Symmetric Isomer of Carbon Hexaoxide (CO6) at 10 K, Chem. Phys. Lett 450, 312-317  (2008).   (PDF)

180.   F. Zhang, C.H. Kao, A.H.H. Chang, X. Gu, Y. Guo, R.I Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Reaction of Boron Atoms with Methylacetylene and Partially Deuterated Methylacetylene, Chem. Phys. Chem. 9, 95-105  (2008).   (PDF)

181.   W. Zheng, D.C. Jewitt, Y. Osamura, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Nitrogen and Hydrogen-Bearing Molecules in Solid Ammonia and Implications for Solar System and Interstellar Ices, Ap.J. 674, 1242-1250  (2008).   (PDF)

182.   X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, Chemistry of Energetically Activated Cumulenes - From Allene (H2CCCH2) to Hexapentaene (H2CCCCCCH2), Invited Review. Chem. Phys. Chem. 9, 350-369  (2008).   (PDF)

183.   F. Zhang, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of the Diphenyl Molecule in the Crossed Beam Reaction of Phenyl Radicals with Benzene, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 084315/1-5  (2008).   (PDF)

184.   F. Zhang, X. Gu, Y. Guo, R.I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics of Phenyl Radicals (C6H5) with Propylene (CH3CHCH2) and Its Deuterated Isotopologues, JPCA 112, 3284-3290  (2008).   (PDF)

185.   F. Zhang, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, N. Balucani, A.H.H. Chang, A Crossed Beam and Ab Initio Study of the Reaction of Atomic Boron with Ethylene, JPCA 112, 3837-3845  (2008).   (PDF)

186.   A. Landera, S.P. Krishtal, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Theoretical Study of the C6H3 Potential Energy Surface and Rate Constants and Product Branching Ratios of the C2H(2Σ+) + C4H2(1Σg+) and C4H(2Σ+) + C2H2(1Σ+) Reactions, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 214301/1-12  (2008).   (PDF)

187.   C.Y. Huang, B-J. Sun, H.H. Kuo, K.T. Chen, H.L. Sun, C.H. Huang, M.F. Tsai, C.H. Kao, Y.S. Wang, L.G. Gao, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Interstellar 4-Pentadiynylidene,HCCCCC(X2Π), via the Neutral-Neutral Reaction of Ground State Carbon, C(3P) with Diacetylene, HCCCCH(X1Σg+), JCP 128, 244303/1-16  (2008).   (PDF)

188.   A. Landera, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Theoretical Study of the Reaction Mechanism of Ethynyl Radical with Benzene and Related Reactions on the C8H7 Potential Energy Surface, CPL 459, 54-59  (2008).   (PDF)

189.   C.J. Bennett, C.S. Jamieson, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Decomposition of Carbon Suboxide in a Cometary Ice Analog, Planet. Space Sciences 56, 1181-1189  (2008).   (PDF)

190.   X. Gu, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics on the Formation of 1- and 3-Cyanopropylene in the Crossed Beams Reaction of Ground State Cyano Radicals (CN) with Propylene (C3H6) and Its Deuterated Isotopologues, JPCA 112, 9607-9613  (2008).   (PDF)

191.   A. M. Mebel, V.V. Kislov, R.I. Kaiser, Photoinduced Mechanism of Formation and Growth of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Low-Temperature Environments via Successive Ethynyl Radical Additions, JACS 130, 13618-13629  (2008).   (PDF)

192.   F. Zhang, Y.S. Kim, L. Zhou, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, Directed Gas Phase Synthesis of the Interstellar 2,4-Pentadiynylidyne Radical (HCCCCC), JCP 129, 134313  (2008).   (PDF)

193.   L. Zhou, R.I. Kaiser, L.G. Gao, A.H.H. Chang, M.C. Liang, Y.Y. Yung, Pathways to Oxygen-Bearing Molecules in the Interstellar Medium and in Planetary Atmospheres: Cylopropenone (c-C3H2O) and Propynal (HCCCHO), Ap. J. 686, 1493-1502  (2008).   (PDF)

194.   R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, On the Formation of Higher Carbon Oxides in Extreme Environments, Invited Frontiers Article. Chem. Phys. Lett. 465, 1-9  (2008).   (PDF)

195.   X. Gu, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam Study of the Phenyl Radical Reaction with 1,3-Butadiene and its Deuterated Isotopomers, JPCA 113, 998-1006  (2009).   (PDF)

196.   F. Zhang, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, On the Formation of the 1,3,5-Hexatriynyl Radical (C6H(X2Π)) via the Crossed Beams Reaction of Dicarbon (C2(X1Σg+/a3Πu)), with Diacetylene (C4H2(X1Σg+)), JPCA 113, 1210-1217  (2009).   (PDF)

197.   X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics of Phenyl Radicals in Extreme Environments: A Crossed Molecular Beam Study, Acc. Chem. Res. 42, 290-302  (2009).   (PDF)

198.   W. Zheng, D.C. Jewitt, R.I. Kaiser, Infrared Spectra of Ammonia-Water Ices, Ap.J. SS 181, 53-61  (2009).   (PDF)

199.   Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, An Infrared Spectroscopic Study of Amorphous and Crystalline Ices of Vinylacetylene and Implications for Saturn's Satellite Titan, Ap.J. SS 181, 543-547  (2009).   (PDF)

200.   C.S. Jamieson, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, A laboratory study on the thermally induced transformation of hydrogen cyanide (HCN) to the cyanogen anion (CN-) in Solar System analog ices, Advances in Space Research 43 1446-1450  (2009).   (PDF)

201.   C.J. Bennett, C.S. Jamieson, R.I. Kaiser, An Experimental Investigation of the Decomposition of Carbon Monoxide and Formation Routes to Carbon Dioxide in Interstellar Ices, Ap.J. SS 182, 1-11  (2009).   (PDF)

202.   L. Zhou, R.I. Kaiser, A.T. Tokunaga, Infrared Spectroscopy of Crystalline and Amorphous Diacetylene (C4H2) and Implications to Titan's Atmospheric Conditon, Planet. Space Sciences 57, 830-835  (2009).   (PDF)

203.   X. Gu, F Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, Reaction Dynamics of the Phenyl Radical with 1,2-Butadiene, CPL 474, 51-56  (2009).   (PDF)

204.   C.J. Bennett, C.S. Jamieson, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Formation of Carbon Dioxide in Extraterrestrial, Carbon Monoxide Ice Analog Samples, PCCP 11, 4210-4218  (2009).   (PDF)

205.   F. Zhang, S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beams Study of the Reaction of the Ethynyl Radical (C2H(X2Σ+) with Allene (H2CCCH2(X1A1)), PCCP 11, 4707-4714  (2009).   (PDF)

206.   F. Zhang, S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, A Crossed Beams and Ab Initio Investigation on the Formation of Cyanodiacetylene in the Reaction of Cyano Radicals with Diacetylene, J. Chem. Phys. 130 234308  (2009).   (PDF)

207.   X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, V.V. Kislov, S.J. Klippenstein, L.B. Harding, M.C. Liang, Y.L. Yung, A Crossed Molecular Beams Study on the Formation of the Exotic Cyanoethynyl Radical in Titan's Atmosphere, Ap. J. 701 1797-1803  (2009).   (PDF)

208.   J. Sun, C.H. Huang,, M.F. Tsai, H.L. Sun, L.G. Gao, Y.S. Wang, Y.Y. Yeh, Y.H. Shih, Z.F. Sia, P.H. Chen, R.I. Kaiser, A.H.H. Chang, Synthesis of Interstellar 1,3,5-Heptatriynylidyne, C7H(X2Π), via the Neutral-Neutral Reaction of Ground State Carbon Atom, C(3P) with Triacetylene, HC6H.(X1Σg+), JCP 131, 104305/1-13  (2009).   (PDF)

209.   R.I. Kaiser, X. Gu, Chemical Dynamics of the Formation of the Ethynylsilylidyne Radical (SiCCH(X2Π)) in the Crossed Beam Reaction of Ground State Silicon Atoms (Si(3P)) with Acetylene (C2H2(X1Σg+)), JCP 131, 104311/1-6  (2009).   (PDF)

210.   X. Gu, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, M.C. Liang, Y.L. Yung, Chemical Dynamics of Triacetylene Formation and Implications to the synthesis of polyynes in Titan's Atmosphere, Proceedings National Academy of Sciences 106, 16078-16083  (2009).   (PDF)

211.   R.I. Kaiser, F. Zhang, X. Gu, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, Reaction Dynamics of the Phenyl Radical (C6H5) with 1-Butyne (HCCC2H5) and 2-Butyne (CH3CCCH3), CPL 481, 46-53  (2009).   (PDF)

212.   W. Zheng, D.C. Jewitt, R.I. Kaiser, On the State of Water Ice on Saturn's Moon Titan and Implications to Icy Bodies in the Outer Solar System, JPCA (Special Issue) 113, 11174-11181  (2009).   (PDF)

213.   F. Zhang, S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, S.P. Krishtal, A.M. Mebel, Crossed Molecular Beams Study on the Formation of Vinylacetylene in Titan's Atmosphere, JPCA (Special Issue) 113, 11167-11173  (2009).   (PDF)

214.   S. Krishtal, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Theoretical Study of the Reaction Mechanism and Product Branching Ratios of C2H + C2H4 and Related Reactions on the C4H5 Potential Energy Surface, JPCA (Special Issue) 113, 11112-11128  (2009).   (PDF)

215.   C.H. Huang, R.I. Kaiser, A.H.H. Chang, Theoretical Study on the Reaction of Ground State Cyano Radical with Propylene in Titan's Atmosphere, JPCA 113, 12675-12685  (2009).   (PDF)

216.   R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, O. Kostko, M. Ahmed. On the Ionization Energies of C4H3 Isomers, CPL 485, 281-285  (2010).   (PDF)

217.   R.I. Kaiser, Reaction Dynamics of Carbon-Centered Radicals in Extreme Environments Studied by the Crossed Molecular Beams Technique, Carbon-Centered Radicals: Structure, Dynamics and Reactivity. Malcolm D. E. Forbes, Editor, Wiley, p. 221-248  (2010).

218.   Y.S. Kim, C.J. Bennett, L. Sheng, O'Brian, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory Study on the Irradiation of Solid Ethane Analog Ices and Implications to Titan's Chemistry, Ap. J. 711, 744-756  (2010).   (PDF)

219.   F. Zhang, B. Jones, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, C. Chin, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, Formation of the Phenyl Radical [C6H5(X2A1)] under Single Collision Conditions: A Crossed Molecular Beam and Ab Initio Study, JACS 132, 2672-2683  (2010).   (PDF)

220.   C.J. Bennett, C.S. Jamieson, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Formation and Destruction of Carbon Monoxide (CO), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), and Carbon Trioxide (CO3) in Interstellar Ice Analog Samples, PCCP 12, 4032-4050  (2010).   (PDF)

221.   W. Zheng, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Hydroxylamine (NH2OH) in Electron-Irradiated Ammonia-Water Ices, JPCA 114, 5251-5255  (2010).   (PDF)

222.   B. Jones, F. Zhang, P. Maksyutenko, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Formation of Phenylacetylene and Its Relevance to Titan's Atmosphere, JPCA 114, 5256-5262  (2010).   (PDF)

223.   C. Huang, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, R. Silva, W.K. Gichuhi, A.G. Suits, Photodissociation of the Diacetylene Dimer and Implications for Hydrocarbon Growth in Titan's Atmosphere, Ap. J. 714, 1249-1255  (2010).   (PDF)

224.   R.I. Kaiser, W. Carrier, Y. Osamura, R.M. Mahfouz, Infrared Spectroscopic Detection of the Methylgermyl (H2GeCH3) Radical and its Perdeuterated Counterpart in Low Temperature Matrices, Chem. Phys. Lett. 492, 226-234  (2010).   (PDF)

225.   O. Kostko, J. Zhou, B-J Sun, J.S. Lie, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, M. Ahmed, Determination of Ionization Energies of CnN (n = 4 - 12): Vacuum Ultraviolet Photoionization Experiments and Theoretical Calculations, Ap. J. 717, 674-682  (2010).   (PDF)

226.   L. Zhou, W. Zheng, R.I. Kaiser, A. Landera, A.M. Mebel, M.C. Liang, Cosmic-Ray-Mediated Formation of Benzene on the Surface of Saturn's Moon Titan, Ap. J. 718, 1243-1251  (2010).   (PDF)

227.   C.J. Bennett, S.B. Morales, S.D. Le Picard, A. Canosa, I.R. Sims, Y.H. Shih, A.H.H. Chang, X. Gu, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, A chemical dynamics, kinetics, and theoretical study on the reaction of the cyano radical (CN; X2Σ+) with phenylacetylene (C6H5CCH; X1A1), PCCP 12, 8737-8749  (2010).   (PDF)

228.   A.D. Estillore, L.M. Visger, R.I. Kaiser, A.G. Suits, Crossed-Beam Imaging of the H Abstraction Channel in the Reaction of CN with 1-Pentene, JPC Lett. 1, 2417-2421  (2010).   (PDF)

229.   R.I. Kaiser, B-J Sun, H.M. Lin, A.H.H. Chang, A.M. Mebel, O. Kostko, M. Ahmed, An Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Ionization Energies of Polyynes (H(CC)nH; n = 1-9), Ap. J. 719, 1884-1889  (2010).   (PDF)

230.   B. Jones, P. Matsyutenko N.C. Su, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Ground State Reaction of Atomic Boron [B(2Pj)] with Hydrogen Cyanide [HCN(X1Σ+)], JPCA 114, 8999-9006  (2010).   (PDF)

231.   N. Balucani, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, Elementary Reactions of Boron Atoms with Hydrocarbons - Toward the Formation of Organo-Boron Compounds, Chem. Rev. 110, 5107-5127  (2010).   (PDF)

232.   J. He, K. Gao, G. Vidali, C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Molecular Hydrogen from Methane Ice, Ap. J.. 721, 1656-1662  (2010).   (PDF)

233.   P. Maksyutenko, F. Zhang, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, S.H. Chen, C.C. Wu, A.H.H. Chang, Untangling the Chemical Dynamics of the Reaction of Boron Atoms, 11B(2Pj), with Diacetylene, C4H2(X1Σg+) - A Crossed Molecular Beams and Ab Initio Study, JPCA 114, 10936-10943  (2010).   (PDF)

234.   C.J. Bennett, B. Jones, E. Knox, J. Perry, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Formation and Nature of the "XCN" (OCN-) Species in Interstellar Ices, Ap. J. 723, 641-648  (2010).   (PDF)

235.   C.P. Ennis, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Electron-Induced Degradation of Polymers: Polyethylene, Polytetrafluoroethylene, and Polystyrene, PCCP 12, 14884-14901  (2010).   (PDF)

236.   C.P. Ennis, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Electron-Induced Degradation of Polymers: polymethylmethacrylate and Kapton, PCCP 12, 14902-14915  (2010).   (PDF)

237.   F. Zhang, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, A. Gregusova, S. Ajith Perera, R.J. Bartlett, Gas Phase Synthesis of the Imidoborane Molecule (HNBH) - An Isoelectronic Molecule of Acetylene (HCCH), JPCA 114, 12148-12154  (2010).   (PDF)

238.   Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, Abiotic Formation of Carboxylic Acids (RCOOH) in Interstellar and Solar System Model Ices, Ap. J. 725, 1002-1010  (2010).   (PDF)

239.   R.I. Kaiser, P. Maksyutenko, C. Ennis, F. Zhang, X. Gu, A.M. Mebel, O. Kostko, M. Ahmed, Untangling the Chemical Evolution of Titan's Atmosphere and Surface - From Homogeneous to Heterogeneous Chemistry, Faraday Discussion 147: Chemistry of the Planets, 429-478  (2010).   (PDF)

240.   P. Maksyutenko, F. Zhang, X. Gu, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam Study on the Reaction of Methylidyne Radicals [CH(X2Π)] with Acetylene [C2H2(X1Σg+)] - Competing C3H2 + H and C3H + H2 Channels, PCCP 13, 240-252  (2011).   (PDF)

241.   B. Sivaraman, A.M. Mebel, N.J. Mason, D. Babikov, R.I. Kaiser, On the Electron-Induced Isotope Fractionation in Low Temperature 32O2/36O2 Ices - Ozone as a Case Study, PCCP 13, 421-427  (2011).   (PDF)

242.   C.J. Bennett, T. Hama, Y.S. Kim, M. Kawasaki, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory Studies on the Formation of Formic Acid (HCOOH) in Interstellar and Cometary Ices, Ap. J. 727, 27-37  (2011).   (PDF)

243.   B.M. Jones, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, A. Jamal, A.M. Mebel, M.A. Cordiner, S.B. Charnley, Formation of Benzene in the Interstellar Medium, Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences USA 108, 452-457  (2011).   (PDF)

244.   A. Landera, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, Addition of One and Two Units of C2H to Styrene: A Theoretical Study of the C10H9 and C12H9 Systems and Implications towards Growth of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons at Low Temperatures, JCP 134, 024302/1-13  (2011).   (PDF)

245.   A. Quinto-Hernandez, A.M. Wodtke, C.J. Bennett, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, On the Interaction of Methyl Azide (CH3N3) Ices with Ionizing Radiation: Formation of Methanimine (CH2NH), Hydrogen Cyanide (HCN), and Hydrogen Isocyanide (HNC), JPCA 115, 250-264  (2011).   (PDF)

246.   F. Zhang, D.S.N. Parker, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, On the Formation of Ortho-benzyne (o-C6H4) Under Single Collision Conditions and its Role in Interstellar Chemistry, Ap. J. 728:141, 1-10  (2011).   (PDF)

247.   D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, On the Formation of Resonantly Stabilized C5H3 Radicals - A Crossed Beam and Ab Initio Study of the Reaction of Ground State Carbon Atoms with Vinylacetylene, JPCA 115, 593-601  (2011).   (PDF)

248.   Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Amines (RNH2) and the Cyanide Anion (CN-) in Electron-Irradiated Ammonia-Hydrocarbon Interstellar Model Ices, Ap. J. 729:68, 1-7  (2011).   (PDF)

249.   N.L. Evans, S. Ullrich, C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, On the Interaction of Adenine with Ionizing Radiation: Mechanistical Studies and Astrobiological Implications, Ap. J. 730:69, 1-10  (2011).   (PDF)

250.   D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, A.H.H. Chang, A Crossed Beam and ab initio Investigation of the Reaction of Boron Monoxide (11BO; X2Σ+) with Acetylene (C2H2; X1Σg+), PCCP 13, 8560-8570  (2011).   (PDF)

251.   C.P. Ennis, C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Ozone in Oxygen-rich Solar System Ices via Ionizing Radiation, PCCP 13, 9469-9482  (2011).   (PDF)

252.   C.P. Ennis, C.J. Bennett, B.M. Jones, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of D2-Water and D2-Carbonic Acid in Oxygen-Rich Solar System Ices via D2+ Irradiation, Ap. J. 733:79, 1-11  (2011).   (PDF)

253.   B.M. Jones, C.J. Bennett, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistical Studies on the Production of Formamide (H2NCHO) within Interstellar Ice Analogs, Ap. J. 734:78, 1-12  (2011).   (PDF)

254.   H. Kayi, R.I. Kaiser, J.D. Head, A Computational Study on the Structures of Methylamine-Carbon Dioxide-Water Clusters: Evidence for the Barrier Free Formation of the Methylcarbamic Acid Zwitterion (CH3NH2+COO-) in Interstellar Water Ices, PCCP 13, 11083-11098  (2011).   (PDF)

255.   F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, A. Golan, M. Ahmed, A VUV Photoionization Study of the Formation of the Indene Molecule and Its Isomers, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2, 1731-1735  (2011).   (PDF)

256.   W. Zheng, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Nitric Oxide and Nitrous Oxide in electron-irradiated H218O/N2 Ice Mixtures-Evidence for the Existence of Free Oxygen Atoms in interstellar and Solar System Analog Ices, PCCP, 13, 15749-15754  (2011).   (PDF)

257.   Y.S. Kim, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, Laboratory Simulation of Kuiper Belt Object Volatile Ices under Ionizing Radiation: CO-N2 Ices as a Case Study, PCCP, 13, 15766-15773  (2011).   (PDF)

258.   H. Kayi, R.I. Kaiser, J.D. Head, A Theoretical Investigation of the Low Energy Conformers of the Isomers Glycine and Methylcarbamic Acid and Their Role in the Interstellar Medium, PCCP, 13, 15774-15784  (2011).   (PDF)

259.   R.I. Kaiser, W. Zheng, Y. Osumura, A.H.H. Chang, Low Temperature Spectroscopy and Irradiation Effects on Solar System Ices - Kuiper Belt Objects as a Case Study, PCCP, 13, 15747-15748  (2011).   (PDF)

260.   P. Maksyutenko, D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, An LIF Characterization of Supersonic BO (X2Σ+) and CN (X2Σ+) Radical Sources for Crossed Beam Studies, RSI, 82, 083107/1-7  (2011).   (PDF)

261.   R.I. Kaiser, M. Goswami, P. Maksyutenko, F. Zhang, Y.S. Kim, A. Landera, A.M. Mebel, A Crossed Molecular Beams and Abm Initio Study on the Formation of C6H3 Radicals. An Interface between Resonantly Stabilized and Aromatic Radicals, J. Phys. Chem. A., 115, 10251-10258  (2011).   (PDF)

262.   C. Ennis, H. Yuan, S.J. Sibener, R.I. Kaiser, On The Chemical Processing of Hydrocarbon Surfaces by Fast Oxygen Ions, PCCP, 13, 17870-17884  (2011).   (PDF)

263.   D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, Phenoxy Radical (C6H5O) Formation under Single Collision Conditions from Reaction of the Phenyl Radical (C6H5, X2A1) with Molecular Oxygen (O2, X3Σg-): The Final Chapter?, J. Phys. Chem. A, 115, 11515-11518  (2011).   (PDF)

264.   D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, Indene Formation under Single-Collision Conditions from Reaction of Phenyl Radicals with Allene and Methylacetylene - A Crossed Molecular Beam and Ab Initio Study, Chem. Asian J., 6, 3035-3042  (2011).   (PDF)

265.   S.B. Morales, C.J. Bennett, S.D. Le Picard, A. Canosa, I.R. Sims, B-J Sun, P.H. Chen, A.H.H. Chang, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, X. Gu, F. Zhang, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, A Crossed Molecular Beam, Low-Temperature Kinetics, and Theoretical Inverstigation of the Reaction of the Cyano Radical (CN) with 1,3-Butandiene (C4H6). A Route to Complex Nitrogen-Bearing Molecules in Low-Temperature Extraterrestrial Environments, Ap. J., 742, 26-35  (2011).   (PDF)

266.   A.V. Wilson, D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, Crossed Beam Study of the Atom-Radical Reaction of Ground State Carbon Atoms (C(3P)) with the Vinyl Radical (C2H3(X2A')), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 14, 477-481  (2012).   (PDF)

267.   F. Zhang, P. Maksyuntenko, R.I. Kaiser, Chemical Dynamics of the CH(X2Π)] + C2H4(X1A1g), CH(X2Π) + C2D4(X1A1g), and CD(X2Π) + C2H4(X1A1g) Reactions Studied Under Single Collision Conditions, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 14, 529-537  (2012).   (PDF)

268.   R.I. Kaiser, X. Gu, F. Zhang, P. Maksyuntenko, Crossed Beam Reaction of Methylidyne [CH(X2Π)] with D2-Acetylene [C2D2(X1Σg+)] and D1-Methylidyne [CD(X2Π)] with Acetylene [C2D2(X1Σg+)], Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 14, 575-588  (2012).   (PDF)

269.   R.I. Kaiser, D.S.N. Parker, M. Goswami, F. Zhang, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, J. Aguilera-Iparraguirre, W.H. Green, Crossed Beam Reaction of Phenyl and D5-Phenyl Radicals with Propene and Deuterated Counterparts-Competing Atomic Hydrogen and Methyl Loss Pathways, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 14, 720-729  (2012).   (PDF)

270.   D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A. Landera, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, A.G.G.M. Tielens, Low Temperature Formation of Naphthalene and its Role in the Synthesis of PAHs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) in the Interstellar Medium, PNAS, 109, 53-58  (2012).   (PDF)

271.   C. Ennis, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Ozone in Solar System Oxygen Ices Exposed to Heavy Ions, Ap. J., 745, 103-110  (2012).   (PDF)

272.   D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, A. Landera, A.M. Mebel, On the Formation of Phenyldiacetylene (C6H5CCCCH) and D5-Phenyldiacetylene (C6D5CCCCH) Studied Under Single Collision Conditions, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 14, 2997-3003  (2012).   (PDF)

273.   H. Khari, R.I. Kaiser, J. Head, A theoretical investigation of the relative stability of hydrated glycine and methylcarbamic acid-from water clusters to interstellar ices, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 14, 4942-4958  (2012).   (PDF)

274.   F. Zhang, R.I. Kaiser, A. Golan, M. Ahmed, H. Hansen, A VUV Photoionization Study of the Combustion-Relevant Reaction of the Phenyl Radical (C6H5) with Propylene (C3H6) in a High Temperature Chemical Reactor, J. Phys. Chem. A, 116, 3541-3546  (2012).   (PDF)

275.   R.I. Kaiser, D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, A. Landera, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, PAH Formation under Single Collision Conditions: Reaction of Phenyl Radical and 1,3-Butadiene to Form 1,4-Dihydronaphthalene, J. Phys. Chem. A, 116, 4248-4258  (2012).   (PDF)

276.   D.S.N. Parker, F. Zhang, P. Matsuyenko, R.I. Kaiser, S.H. Chen, A.H.H. Chang, A Crossed Beam and Ab Initio Investigation On The Formation of Vinyl Boron Monoxide (C2H3BO; X1A') via Reaction of Boron Monoxide (11BO; X2Σ+) with ethylene (C2H4; X1Ag), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 14, 11099-11106  (2012).   (PDF)

277.   R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, On the Formation of Polyacetylenes and Cyanopolyacetylenes in Titans Atmosphere and their Role in Astrobiology, Chem. Rev. Soc. 41, 5490-5501  (2012).   (PDF)

278.   D.S.N. Parker, A.W. Wilson, R.I. Kaiser, T. Labrador, A.M. Mebel, Synthesis of the Silaisocyanoacetylene Molecule, JACS, 134, 13896-13901  (2012).   (PDF)

279.   Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, Electron Irradiation of Kuiper Belt Surface Ices: Ternary N2 - CH4 - CO Mixtures As A Case Study, Ap. J., 758, 37  (2012).   (PDF)

280.   D.S.N. Parker, A.V. Wilson, R.I. Kaiser, T. Labrador, A.M. Mebel, Gas-Phase Synthesis of the Silaisocyanoethylene Molecule (C2H3NSi), JOC, 77, 8574  (2012).   (PDF)

281.   R.I. Kaiser, S.P. Krishtal, A.M. Mebel, O. Kostko, M. Ahmed, An Experimental and Theoretical Study of the Ionization Energies of SiC2Hx (x = 0, 1, 2) Isomers. Ap. J., 761, 178  (2012).   (PDF)

282.   A.E. Tomosada, Y.S. Kim, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, First Detection of the Silylgermylene (H3SiGeH) and D4-Silylgermylene (D3SiGeD) Molecules in Low Temperature Silane-Germane Ices, Chem. Phys., 409, 49-60  (2012).   (PDF)

283.   A. Golan, M. Ahmed, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A VUV Photoionization Study on the Multichannel Reaction of Phenyl Radicals with 1,3-butadiene Under Combustion Relevant Conditions, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 15, 341-347  (2013).   (PDF)

284.   R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Stockton, Y.S. Kim, E.C. Jensen, R.A. Mathies, On the Formation of Dipeptides in Interstellar Model Ices, Ap. J., 765, 111  (2013).   (PDF)

285.   S.J. Brotton, and R.I. Kaiser, In Situ Raman Spectroscopic Study of Gypsum (CaSO4 ⋅ 2H2O) and Epsomite (MgSO4 ⋅ 7H2O) Dehydration Utilizing an Ultrasonic Levitator, JPCL, 4, 669-673  (2013).   (PDF)

286.   Y.S. Kim, K.P. Wo, S. Maity, S.K. Atreya, and R.I. Kaiser, Radiation-Induced Formation of Chlorine Oxides and Their Potential Role in the Origin of Martian Perchlorates, JACS, 135, 4910-4913  (2013).   (PDF)

287.   D.S.N. Parker, A.V. Wilson, R.I. Kaiser, N.J. Mayhall, M. Head-Gordon, A.G.G.M. Tielens, On the Formation of Silacyclopropenylidene (c-SiC2H2) and its Role in the Organosilicon Chemistry in the Interstellar Medium, Ap. J., 770, 33  (2013).   (PDF)

288.   B.M. Jones, R.I. Kaiser, Application of Reflectron Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopy in the Analysis of Astrophysically Relevant Ices Exposed to Ionization Radiation: Methane (CH4) and D4-Methane (CD4) as a Case Study, J. Phys Chem. Lett. 4, 1965-1971  (2013).   (PDF)

289.   S.J. Brotton, R.I. Kaiser, Novel high-temperature and pressure-compatible ultrasonic levitator apparatus coupled to Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectrometers, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 84, 055114  (2013).   (PDF)

290.   S. Maity, Y.S. Kim, R.I. Kaiser, H.C.C. Chang, On the Detection of Higher Order Carbon Sulfides (CSx ; x = 4-6) in Low Temperature Carbon Disulfide Ices, CPL 577, 42-47  (2013).   (PDF)

291.   C.J. Bennett, S.J. Brotton, B.M. Jones, A.K. Misra, S. Sharma, R.I. Kaiser, High Sensitivity Raman Spectrometer to Study Pristine and Irradiated Interstellar Ice Analogs, Analytical Chemistry 85, 5659-5665  (2013).   (PDF)

292.   B.B. Dangi, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, A. Jamal, A.M. Mebel, A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Gas-Phase Synthesis of Toluene under Single Collision Conditions, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 52, 7186-7189  (2013).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

293.   S. Maity, R.I. Kaiser, Electron Irradiation of Carbon Disulfide - Oxygen Ices: Toward the Formation of Sulfur-Bearing Molecules in Interstellar Ices, Ap. J. 773, 184/1-184/8  (2013).   (PDF)

294.   D.S.N. Parker, N. Balucani, D. Stranges, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, A Crossed Beam and ab Initio Investigation on the Formation of Boronyldiacetylene (HCCCC11BO; X1Σ+) via the Reaction of the Boron Monoxide Radical (11BO; X2Σ+) with Diacetylene (C4H2; X1Σg+), J. Phys. Chem. A., 117, 8189-8198  (2013).   (PDF)

295.   S. Maity, D.S.N. Parker, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, S. Fau, A. Perera, R.J. Bartlett, A Crossed Molecular Beam and Ab-Initio Investigation of the Reaction of Boron Monoxide (BO; X2Σ+) with Methylacetylene (CH3CCH; X1A1): Competing Atomic Hydrogen and Methyl Loss Pathways, J. Phys. Chem. A., 117, 11794-11807  (2013).   (PDF)

296.   B.B. Dangi, S. Maity, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, A Combined Crossed Beam and Ab Initio Investigation of the Gas Phase Reaction of Dicarbon Molecules (C2; X1Σg+/a3Πu) with Propene (C3H6; X1A'): Identification of the Resonantly Stabilized Free Radicals 1- and 3-Vinylpropargyl, J. Phys. Chem. A., 117, 11783-11793  (2013).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

297.   D.S.N. Parker, B.B. Dangi, N. Balucani, D. Stranges, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Gas-Phase Synthesis of Phenyl Oxoborane (C6H5BO) via the Reaction of Boron Monoxide with Benzene, JOC, 78, 11896-11900  (2013).   (PDF)

298.   R.I. Kaiser, S. Maity, B.B. Dangi, Y.S. Su, B-J Sun, A.H.H. Chang, A crossed molecular beam and ab initio investigation of the exclusive methyl loss pathway in the gas phase reaction of boron monoxide (BO; X2Σ+) with dimethylacetylene (CH3CCCH3; X1A1g), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16, 989-997  (2014).   (PDF)

299.   B.M. Jones, R.I. Kaiser, G. Strazzulla, UV-VIS, Infrared, and Mass Spectroscopy of Electron Irradiated Frozen Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Mixtures with Water, The Apical Journal, 781, 85  (2014).   (PDF)

300.   C.J. Bennett, C.P. Enis, R.I. Kaiser, Experimental Studies on the Formation of D2O and D2O2 by Implantation of Energetic D+ Ions into Oxygen Ices, The Astrophysical Journal, 782, 63  (2014).   (PDF)

301.   R.I. Kaiser, S. Maity, B.M. Jones, Infrared and ReflectronTtime-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopic Analysis of Methane (CH4)-Carbon Monoxide (CO) Ices Exposed to Ionization Radiation - Toward the Formation of Carbonyl Bearing Molecules in Extraterrestrial Ices, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16, 3399-3424  (2014).   (PDF)

302.   D.S.N. Parker, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, A. Landera, A.M. Mebel, On the formation of ethynylbiphenyl (C14D5H5; C6D5C6H4CCH) isomers in the reaction of D5-phenyl radicals (C6D5; X2A1) with phenylacetylene (C6H5C2H; X1A1) under single collision conditions, CPL, 595-596, 230-236  (2014).   (PDF)

303.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, The role of isovalency in the reactions of the cyano (CN), boron monoxide (BO), silicon nitride (SiN), and ethynyl (C2H) radicals with unsaturated hydrocarbons acetylene (C2H2) and ethylene (C2H4), Chem. Soc. Rev., 43, 2701-2713  (2014).   (PDF)

304.   D.S.N. Parker, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, A. Jamal, M.N. Ryazantsev, K. Morokuma, A. Korte, W. Sander, An Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Formation of 2-Methylnaphthalene (C11H10 /C11H3D7) in the Reactions of the Para-Tolyl (C7H7) and Para-Tolyl-d7 (C7D7) with Vinylacetylene (C4H4), J. Phys. Chem. A, 118, 2709-2718  (2014).   (PDF)

305.   B.B. Dangi, D.S.N. Parker, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, Gas Phase Synthesis of the Benzyl Radical (C6H5CH2), Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 53, 4608-4613  (2014).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

306.   S. Maity, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, B. Ganoe, S. Fau, A. Perera, R.J. Bartlett, Gas-Phase Synthesis of Boronylallene (H2CCCH(BO)) under Single Collision Conditions: A Cross Molecular Beams and Computational Study, J. Phys. Chem. A, 118, 3810-3819  (2014).   (PDF)

307.   D.S.N. Parker, S. Maity, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, A. Landera, A.M. Mebel, Understanding the chemical dynamics of the reactions of dicarbon with 1-butyne, 2-butyne, and 1,2-butadiene - toward the formation of resonantly stabilized free radicals, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16, 12150-12163  (2014).   (PDF)

308.   T. Yang, D.S.N. Parker, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, D. Stranges, Y.H. Su, S.Y. Chen, A.H.H. Chang, A.M. Mebel, Directed Gas-Phase Formation of the Ethynylsulfidoboron Molecule, JACS., 136, 8387-8392  (2014).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

309.   B.B. Dangi, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, D. Belisario-Lara, A.M. Mebel, An experimental and theoretical investigation of the formation of C7H7 isomers in the bimolecular reaction of dicarbon molecules with 1,3-pentadiene, Chem. Phys. Lett., 607, 92-99  (2014).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

310.   B.M. Jones, R.I. Kaiser, G. Strazzulla, Carbonic Acid as a Reserve of Carbon Dioxide on Icy Moons: The Formation of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in a Polar Environment, The Apical Journal, 788, 170  (2014).   (PDF)

311.   S. Maity, R.I. Kaiser, B.M. Jones, Formation of Ketene (H2CCO) in Interstellar Analogous Methane (CH4) - Carbon Monoxide (CO) Ices: A Combined FTIR and Reflectron Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopic Study, The Apical Journal, 789, 36  (2014).   (PDF)

312.   T. Yang, D.S.N. Parker, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, V.V. Kislov, A.M. Mebel, Crossed Beam Reactions of the Phenyl (C6H5; X2A1) and Phenyl-d5 Radical (C6D5; X2A1) with 1,2-Butadiene (H2CCCHCH3; X1A'), JPCA, 118, 4372-4381  (2014).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

313.   L. Zhou, S. Maity, M.J. Abplanalp, A.M. Turner, R.I. Kaiser, On the Radiolysis of Ethylene Ices by Energetic Electrons and Implications to the Extraterrestrial Hydrocarbon Chemistry, Ap. J., 790, 38  (2014).   (PDF)

314.   B.B. Dangi, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, Reaction Dynamics of the 4-Methylphenyl Radical (C6H4CH3; p-tolyl) with Isoprene (C5H8) - Formation of Dimethyldihydronaphthalenes, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16, 16805-16814  (2014).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

315.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, T.P. Troy, M. Ahmed, Hydrogen Abstraction/Acetylene Addition Revealed, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 53, 7740-7744  (2014).   (PDF)

316.   T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, Y. An, A.H.H. Chang, A Combined Crossed Molecular Beams and ab initio Investigation on the Formation of Vinylsulfidoboron (C2H311B32S), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 16, 17580-17587  (2014).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

317.   S. Maity, R.I. Kaiser, B.M. Jones, Infrared and Reflectron Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopic Study on the Synthesis of Glycolaldehyde in Methanol (CH3OH) and Methanol-Carbon Monoxide (CH3OH-CO) Ices Exposed to Ionization Radiation, Faraday Discussions, 168, 485-516  (2014).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)

318.   R.I. Kaiser, B.B. Dangi, T. Yang, D.S.N. Parker, A.M. Mebel, Reaction Dynamics of the 4-Methylphenyl Radical (p-Tolyl) with 1,2-Butadiene (1-Methylallene): Are Methyl Groups Purely Spectators?, JPCA, 118, 6181-6190  (2014).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

319.   C.J. Bennett, C.P. Ennis, R.I. Kaiser, Implantation of Energetic D+ Ions into Carbon Dioxide Ices and Implications to our Solar System: Formation of D2O and D2CO3, Ap. J., 974, 57  (2014).   (PDF)

320.   B.J. Sun, C.H. Huang, S.Y. Chen, S.H. Chen, R.I. Kaiser, A.H.H. Chang, Theoretical Study on Reaction Mechanism of Ground-State Cyano Radical with 1,3-Butadiene: Prospect of Pyridine Formation, J. Phys. Chem. A, 118, 7715-7724  (2014).   (PDF)

321.   S. Maity, B.B. Dangi, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser , Y. An, B.J. Sun, A.H.H. Chang, Combined Crossed Molecular Beam and ab Initio Investigation of the Multichannel Reaction of Boron Monoxide (BO; X2Σ+) with Propylene (CH3CHCH2; X1A'): Competing Atomic Hydrogen and Methyl Loss Pathways, J. Phys. Chem. A,118, 9632-9645  (2014).   (PDF)

322.   D.S.N. Parker, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, A. Jamal, M. Ryazantsev and K. Morokuma, Formation of 6-Methyl-1,4-dihydronaphthalene in the Reaction of the p-Tolyl Radical with 1,3-Butadiene under Single-Collision Conditions, Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 118, 12111-12119  (2014).

323.   R.I. Kaiser, D. S. N. Parker, A. M. Mebel, Reaction Dynamics in Astrochemistry: Low-Temperature Pathways to Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the Interstellar Medium, Annual Reviews of Physical Chemistry. 66, 43-47  (2015).   (PDF)

324.   T. Yang, L. Muzangwa, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, Formation of 2- and 1-Methyl-1,4-Dihydronaphthalene Isomers via the Crossed Beam Reactions of Phenyl Radicals (C6H5) with Isoprene (CH2C(CH3)CHCH2) and 1,3-Pentadiene (CH2CHCHCHCH3), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 530-540  (2015).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

325.   R.I. Kaiser, S. Maity, B.M. Jones, Synthesis of Prebiotic Glycerol in Interstellar Ices, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 54, 195-200 (2015).   (PDF)

326.   S. Maity, R.I. Kaiser, and B.M. Jones, Formation of complex organic molecules in methanol and methanol-carbon monoxide ice exposed to ionizing radiation - a combined FTIR and reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry study, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 3081 - 3114  (2015).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)

327.   P. Maksyutenko, L.G Muzangwa, B.M. Jones, R.I. Kaiser, Lyman α Photolysis of Solid Nitromethane (CH3NO2) and D3-Nitromethane (CD3NO2) - Untangling the Reaction Mechanisms Involved in the Decomposition of Model Energetic Materials, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 7514 - 7527  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

328.   L. Muzangwa, T. Yang, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, A. Jamal, M. Ryazantsev, K. Morokuma, A Crossed Molecular Beam and Ab Initio Study on the Formation of 5- and 6-Methyl-1,4-Dihydronaphthalene (C11H12) via the Reaction of Meta-Tolyl (C7H7) with 1,3-Butadiene (C4H6), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 7699-7706  (2015).   (PDF)

329.   S. Maity, B.B. Dangi, D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, H-M Lin, H-P E, B-J Sun, A.H.H. Chang, Combined Crossed Molecular Beam and ab Initio Investigation of the Reaction of Boron Monoxide (BO; X2Σ+) with 1,3-Butadiene (CH2CHCHCH2; X1Ag) and its Deuterated Counterparts , J. Phys. Chem. A,119, 1094-1107  (2015).   (PDF)

330.   T. Yang, D.S.N. Parker, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser and A.M. Mebel, Formation of 5- and 6-methyl-1H-indene (C10H10) via the Reactions of the Para-tolyl Radical (C6H4CH3) with Allene (H2CCCH2) and Methylacetylene (HCCCH3) under Single Collision Conditions, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 10510-10519 (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

331.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, O. Kostko, T.P. Troy, M. Ahmed, A.M. Mebel, A.G.G.M. Tielens, Gas Phase Synthesis of (Iso)Quinoline and Its Role in the Formation of Nucleobases in the Interstellar Medium, Ap J., 803:53, 1-10  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

332.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, B. Bandyopadhyay, O. Kostko, T.P. Troy, M. Ahmed, Unexpected Chemistry from the Reaction of Naphthyl and Acetylene at Combustion-Like Temperatures, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54, 5421-5424  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

333.   R.I. Kaiser, P. Maksyutenko, A Mechanistical Study on Non-Equilibrium Reaction Pathways in Solid Nitromethane (CH3NO2) and D3-nitromethane (CD3NO2) upon Interaction with Ionizing Radiation, Chem. Phys. Lett. 631-632, 59-65  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

334.   B. B. Dangi, Y.S. Kim, S.A. Krasnokutski, R.I. Kaiser, C.W. Bauschlicher Jr, Toward the Formation of Carbonaceous Refractory Matter in High Temperature Hydrocarbon-rich Atmospheres of Exoplanets Upon Micrometeoroid Impact, Ap. J., 805:76, 1-7  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

335.   S. Thorwirth, R.I. Kaiser, K.N. Crabtree, M. C. McCarthy, Spectroscopic and structural characterization of three silaisocyanides: exploring an elusive class of reactive molecules at high resolution, Chem. Comm. 51, 11305  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

336.   R.I. Kaiser, P. Maksyutenko, Novel Reaction Mechanisms Pathways in the Electron Induced Decomposition of Solid Nitromethane (CH3NO2) and D3- Nitromethane (CD3NO2), J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 14653-14668  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

337.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, O. Kostko and M. Ahmed, Selective Formation of Indene through the Reaction of Benzyl Radicals with Acetylene, Chem. Phys. Chem. 16, 2091-2093  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

338.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, T.P. Troy, O. Kostko and M. Ahmed, Toward the Oxidation of the Phenyl Radical and Prevention of PAH Formation in Combustion Systems, J. Phys. Chem. A 119, 7145-7154  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

339.   A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, S.Y. Chen, Y.T. Chen, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser A Photoionization Mass Spectroscopic Study on the Formation of Phosphanes in Low Temperature Phosphine Ices, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17, 27281-27291  (2015).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

340.   T. Yang, L. Muzangwa, R.I. Kaiser, A. Jamal, and K. Morokuma, A Combined Crossed Molecular Beam and Theoretical Investigation of the Reaction of the Meta-tolyl Radical with Vinylacetylene- toward the Formation of Methylnaphthalenes, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 34, 461-514  (2015).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

341.   A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of resonantly stabilised free radicals via the reactions of atomic carbon, dicarbon, and tricarbon with unsaturated hydrocarbons: theory and crossed molecular beams experiments, International Reviews in Physical Chemistry. 17, 21564-21575  (2015).   (PDF)

342.   M. Förstel, P. Maksyutenko, B.M. Jones, B-J Sun, S-H Chen, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, Detection of the Elusive Triazane Molecule (N3H5) in the Gas Phase, Chem. Phys. Chem. 16, 3139-3142  (2015).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

343.   M.J. Abplanalp, A. Borsuk, B.M. Jones, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation and Isomer Specific Detection of Propenal (C2H3CHO) and Cyclpropanone (c-C3H4O) in Interstellar Model Ices-A Combined FTIR and Reflectron Time-of-Flight Mass Spectroscopic Study, Ap. J., 814, 45  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

344.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, O. Kostko, T.P. Troy, M. Ahmed, B-J Sun, S-H Chen, A.H.H. Chang, On the formation of pyridine in the interstellar medium, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 17, 32000-32008  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

345.   T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, L.W. Bertels, and M. Head-Gordon, Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Formation of the Elusive 2-Methyl-1-silacycloprop-2-enylidene Molecule under Single Collision Conditions via Reactions of the Silylidyne Radical (SiH; X2Π) with Allene (H2CCCH2; X1A1) and D4-Allene (D2CCCD2; X1A1), J. Phys. Chem. A, 119, 12562-12578  (2015).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

346.   D.S.N. Parker, T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, P.P. Bera, and T.J. Lee, Low Temperature Formation of Nitrogen-substituted Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PANHs)- Barrierless Routes to Dihydro(iso)quinolines, Ap. J., 815, 11  (2015).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

347.   M.J. Abplanalp, M. Förstel, and R.I. Kaiser, Exploiting single photon vacuum ultraviolet photoionization to unravel the synthesis of complex organic molecules in interstellar ices, Chemical Physics Letters, 644, 79-98  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

348.   M. Förstel, P. Maksyutenko, B.M. Jones, B-J Sun, A.H.H. Chang, R. I. Kaiser, Synthesis of urea in cometary model ices and implications for Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, Chem. Comm. 52, 741-744  (2016).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

349.   M. Förstel, P. Maksyutenko, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Pentacarbon dioxide (C5O2) formation and its role as a tracer of solar system evolution, Ap. J. L. 818:L30, 1-6  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

350.   A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, R.I. Kaiser, Probing the Carbon-phosphorus Bond Coupling in Low-temperature Phosphine (PH3)-Methane (CH4) Interstellar Ice Analogues, Ap. J. 819, 97  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

351.   Y.A. Tsegaw, W. Sander, R.I. Kaiser, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Study on Nonequilibrium Reaction Pathways in the Photolysis of Solid Nitromethane (CH3NO2) and D3-Nitromethane (CD3NO2), J. Phys. Chem. A. 120, 1577-1587  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

352.   M. Förstel, P. Maksyutenko, B.M. Jones, B-J Sun, H.C. Lee, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Amide Polymers via Carbonyl-Amino Group Linkages in Energetically Processed Ices of Apical Relevance, Ap. J. 820, 117  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

353.   A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, R.I. Kaiser, Mechanistic Studies on the Radiolytic Decomposition of Perchlorates on the Martian Surface, Ap. J. 820, 127  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

354.   B.M. McMurtry, A.M. Turner, S.E.J. Saito, R.I. Kaiser, On the formation of Niacin (Vitamin B3) and Pyridine Carboxylic Acids in Interstellar Model Ices, Chemical Physics 472, 173  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

355.   S. Góbi, M.J. Abplanalp, R.I. Kaiser, Effect of Perchlorates on Electron Radiolysis of Glycine with Application to Mars, Ap. J. 822, 8  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

356.   T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, A.M. Thomas, R.I. Kaiser, Untangling the Reaction Dynamics of the Silylidyne Radical (SiH; X2Π) with Acetylene (C2H2; X1Σg+), Chem. Phys. Lett., 654, 58-62  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

357.   P. Maksyutenko, M. Förstel, P. Crandall, B-J Sun, M.H. Wu, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, An isomer-specific study of solid nitromethane decomposition pathways - Detection of aci-nitromethane (H2CNO(OH)) and nitrosomethanol (HOCH2NO) intermediates, Chem. Phys. Lett., 658, 20-29  (2016).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

358.   T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, A.M. Thomas, B-J Sun, T-J Chou, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, Gas-Phase Synthesis of 1-Silacyclopenta-2,4-diene, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed, 55, 7983-7987  (2016).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

359.   M.J. Abplanalp, S. Gozem, A.I. Krylov, C.N. Shingledecker, E. Herbst, R.I. Kaiser, A study of interstellar aldehydes and enols as tracers of a cosmic ray-driven nonequilibrium synthesis of complex organic molecules, Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences 113, 7727-7732  (2016).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Nature Research Highlight)   (Data Files)

360.   T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, L.W. Bertels, M. Head-Gordon, A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Formation of the 2-Methyl-1-silacycloprop-2-enylidene Molecule via Crossed Beam Reactions of the Silylidyne Radical (SiH; X2Π) with Methylacetylene (CH3CCH; X1A1) and D4-Methylacetylene(CD3CCD; X1A1), J. Phys. Chem. A, 120, 4872-4883  (2016).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

361.   M. Förstel, Y.A. Tsegaw, P. Maksyutenko, A.M. Mebel, W. Sander, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of N3H3 Isomers in Irradiated Ammonia Bearing Ices: Triazene (H2NNNH) or Triimide (HNHNNH), Chem. Phys. Chem. 17, 2726-2735  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

362.   M.J. Abplanalp, R. I. Kaiser, Complex hydrocarbon chemistry in interstellar and solar system ices revealed: a combined infrared spectroscopy and reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis of ethane (C2H6) and D6-ethane (C2D6) ices exposed to ionizing radiation, Ap. J., 827, 132  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

363.   G. Tarczay, M. Förstel, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Higher Silanes in Low-Temperature Silane (SiH4) ices, Inorg. Chem., 55, 8776-8785  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

364.   T. Yang, A.M. Thomas, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, M-H Wu, B-J Sun, A.H.H. Chang, Formation of the 2,3-Dimethyl-1-silacycloprop-2-enylidene Molecule via the Crossed Beam Reaction of the Silylidyne Radical (SiH; X2Π) with Dimethylacetylene (CH3CCH3; X1A1g), J. Phys. Chem. A, 120, 7262-7268  (2016).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

365.   E.H. Wilson, S.K. Atreya, R.I. Kaiser, Perchlorate Formation on Mars through Surface Radiolysis Initiated Atmospheric Chemistry : A Potential Mechanism, Journal of Geophysical Research – Planets, 121, 1472-1487  (2016).   (PDF)

366.   B.M. McMurtry, S.E.J. Saito, A.M. Turner, H.K. Chakravarty, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Benzoic Acid and Higher-Order Benzene Carboxylic Acids in Interstellar Model Ice Grains, Ap. J., 831, 174  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

367.   T. Yang, T.P. Troy, B. Xu, O. Kostko, M. Ahmed, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, Hydrogen-Abstraction/Acetylene-Addition Exposed, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 55, 14983-14987  (2016).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

368.   S. Góbi, A. Bergantini, R. I. Kaiser, In Situ Detection of Chlorine Dioxide (ClO2) in the Radiolysis of Perchlorates and Implications for the Stability of Organics on Mars, Ap. J., 832, 164  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

369.   A.M. Thomas, T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, G-S Kim, A.M. Mebel Oxidation of the para-Tolyl Radical by Molecular Oxygen under Single-Collison Conditions: Formation of the para-Toloxy Radical, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 7, 5121-5127  (2016).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

370.   A. Bergantini, R.I. Kaiser. In Situ Detection of Organics in the Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, Chem 1(6), 822-829  (2016).   (PDF)

371.   T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, A.M. Thomas, R.I. Kaiser, B-J Sun, M. Stas, A.H.H. Chang, Gas-Phase Synthesis of the Elusive Trisilicontetrahydride Species (Si3H4), J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 8, 131-136  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

372.   T. Yang, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, K-H Chao, B-J Sun, A.H.H. Chang, T.L. Nguyen, J.F. Stanton, Gas-Phase Formation of the Disilavinylidene (H2SiSi) Transient, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 56, 1264-1268  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

373.   D.S.N. Parker, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of Nitrogen-Substituted Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (NPAHs) in Circumstellar and Interstellar Environments, Chem. Soc. Rev., 46, 452-463  (2017).   (PDF)

374.   S. Góbi, M. Förstel, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, A Reflectron Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometric Study on the Degradation Pathways of Glycine on Mars in the Presence of Perchlorates and Ionizing Radiation, Ap. J., 835, 241  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

375.   L. Zhao, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, T.P. Troy, M. Ahmed, D. Belisario-Lara, J.M. Ribero, A.M. Mebel, Combined Experimental and Computational Study on the Unimolecular Decomposition of JP-8 Jet Fuel Surrogates. I. n-Decane (n-C10H22), J. Phys. Chem. A, 121, 1261-1280  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

376.   L. Zhao, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, T.P. Troy, M. Ahmed, J.M. Ribero, D. Belisario-Lara, A.M. Mebel, Combined Experimental and Computational Study on the Unimolecular Decomposition of JP-8 Jet Fuel Surrogates. II. n-Dodecane (n-C12H26), J. Phys. Chem. A, 121, 1281-1297  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

377.   A.M. Mebel, A. Landera, R.I. Kaiser, Formation Mechanisms of Naphthalene and Indene: From the Interstellar Medium to Combustion Flames, J. Phys. Chem. A, 121, 901-926  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)

378.   M.J. Abplanalp, R.I. Kaiser, Implications for Extraterrestrial Hydrocarbon Chemistry: Analysis of Ethylene (C2H4) and D4-Ethylene (C2D4) Ices Exposed to Ionizing Radiation via Combined Infrared Spectroscopy and Reflectron Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry, J. ApJ, 836, 195  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

379.   S. Góbi, A. Bergantini, R.I. Kaiser, Degradation of Adenine on the Martian Surface in the Presence of Perchlorates and Ionizing Radiation: A Reflectron Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometric Study, J. ApJ, 838, 84  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

380.   T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, T.P. Troy, B. Xu, O. Kostko, M. Ahmed, A.M. Mebel, M.V. Zagidullin, V.N. Azyazov, HACA's Heritage: A Free-Radical Pathway to Phenanthrene in Circumstellar Envelopes of Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 56, 4515-4519  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

381.   G. Tarczay, M. Förstel, S. Góbi, P. Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, Synthesis of the Smallest Member of the Silylketene Family: H3SiC(H)CO, Chem. Phys. Chem. 18, 882-889  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

382.   R.I. Kaiser, N. Balucani, Exploring the Gas Phase Synthesis of the Elusive Class of Boronyls and the Mechanism of Boronyl Radical Reactions under Single Collision Conditions, Accounts of Chemical Research. 50, 1154-1162  (2017).   (PDF)

383.   S. Góbi, A. Bergantini, A.M. Turner, R.I. Kaiser, Electron Radiolysis of Ammonium Perchlorate: A Reflectron Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometric Study, J. Phys. Chem. A 121, 3879-3890  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

384.   A. Bergantini, Pavlo Maksyutenko, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation of the C2H6O Isomers Ethanol (C2H5OH) and Dimethyl Ether (CH3OCH3) in Star-forming Regions, Ap. J., 841:96, 1-24  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

385.   L. Zhao, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, T.P. Troy, B. Xu, M. Ahmed, J.M. Ribero, D. Belisario-Lara, A.M. Mebel, Y. Zhang, C.C. Cao, J.B. Zou, A Vacuum Ultraviolet Photoionization Study on High-Temperature decomposition of JP-10 (exo-tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene), Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 19, 15780-15807  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

386.   A.M. Thomas, M. Lucas, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, L. Fuentes, D. Belisario-Lara, A.M. Mebel, A Free-Radical Pathway to Hydrogenated Phenanthrene in Molecular Clouds - Low Temperature Growth of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Chem. Phys. Chem., 18, 1971-1976  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

387.   M. Förstel, A. Bergantini, P. Maksyutenko, S. Góbi, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Methylamine and Ethylamine in Extraterrestrial Ices and Their Role as Fundamental Building Blocks of Proteinogenic α-amino Acids, Ap. J., 845, 83  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

388.   M.J. Abplanalp, B.M. Jones, R.I. Kaiser, Untangling the methane chemistry in interstellar and solar system ices toward ionizing radiation: a combined infrared and reflectron time-of-flight analysis, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 20, 5435-5468  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

389.   P.B. Crandall, S. Góbi, J. Gillis-Davis, R.I. Kaiser, Can perchlorates be transformed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) products by cosmic rays on the Martian surface?, J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 122, 1880-1892  (2017).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

390.   Y.A. Tsegaw, S. Góbi, M. Förstel, P. Maksyutenko, W. Sander, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of Hydroxylamine in Low-Temperature Interstellar Model Ices, J. Phys. Chem. A, 121, 7477-7493  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

391.   M. Lucas, A.M. Thomas, L. Zhao, R.I. Kaiser, G-S Kim, A.M. Mebel, Gas-Phase Synthesis of the Elusive Cyclooctatetraenyl Radical (C8H7) via Triplet Aromatic Cyclooctatetraene (C8H8) and Non-Aromatic Cyclooctatriene (C8H8) Intermediates, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 56, 13655-13660  (2017).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

392.   S. Góbi, L. Zhao, B. Xu, U. Ablikim, M. Ahmed, R.I. Kaiser, A vacuum ultraviolet photoionization study on the thermal decomposition of ammonium perchlorate, Chem. Phys. Lett., 691, 250-257  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

393.   S.J. Brotton, M. Lucas, S.D. Chambreau, G.L. Vaghjiani, J. Yu, S.L. Anderson, R.I. Kaiser, Spectroscopic Investigation of the Primary Reaction Intermediates in the Oxidation of Levitated Droplets of Energetic Ionic Liquids, J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 8, 6053-6059  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

394.   A. Bergantini, S. Góbi, M.J. Abplanalp, R.I. Kaiser, A Mechanistical Study on the Formation of Dimethyl Ether (CH3OCH3) and Ethanol (CH3CH2OH) in Methanol-containing Ices and Implications for the Chemistry of Star-forming Regions, ApJ, 852, 70  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

395.   A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, T.J. Blair, R. Dayuha, R.I. Kaiser, An Infrared Spectroscopic Study Toward the Formation of Alkylphosphonic Acids and Their Precursors in Extraterrestrial Environments, ApJS, 234, 6  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

396.   C. Zhu, A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, R.I. Kaiser, Formation of High-order Carboxylic Acids (RCOOH) in Interstellar Analogous Ices of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Methane(CH4), ApJS, 234, 15  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

397.   T. Yang, A.M. Thomas, B.B. Dangi, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel, T.J. Millar, Directed Gas Phase Formation of Silicon Dioxide and Implications for the Formation of Interstellar Silicates, Nat. Commun., 9, 774  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

398.   M.J. Abplanalp, S. Góbi, A.Bergantini, A.M. Turner, R.I. Kaiser, On the Synthesis of Chocolate Flavonoids (Propanols, Butanals) in the Interstellar Medium, Chem. Phys. Chem. 19, 556-560  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

399.   S. Góbi, Parker B. Crandall, P. Maksyutenko, M. Förstel, R.I. Kaiser, Accessing the Nitromethane (CH3NO2) Potential Energy Surface in Methanol (CH3OH)–Nitrogen Monoxide (NO) Ices Exposed to Ionizing Radiation: An FTIR and PI-ReTOF-MS Investigation, J. Phys. Chem. A 122, 2329-2343  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

400.   M. Lucas, A.M. Thomas, R.I. Kaiser, E.K. Bashkirov, V.N. Azyazov, A.M. Mebel Combined Experimental and Computational Investigation of the Elementary Reaction of Ground State Atomic Carbon (C; 3Pj) with Pyridine (C5H5N; X1A1) via Ring Expansion and Ring Degradation Pathways, J. Phys. Chem. A 122, 3128-3139  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

401.   A.M. Thomas, M. Lucas, L. Zhao, J. Liddiard, R.I. Kaiser, A.M. Mebel A combined crossed molecular beams and computational study on the formation of distinct resonantly stabilized C5H3 radicals via chemically activated C5H4 and C6H6 intermediates, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 20, 10906-10925  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

402.   L. Zhao; R.I. Kaiser, B. Xu, U. Ablikim, M. Ahmed, D. Joshi, G. Veber, F.R. Fischer, A.M. Mebel Pyrene synthesis in circumstellar envelopes and its role in the formation of 2D nanostructures, Nature Astronomy 2, 413-419  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

403.   D. Belisario-Lara, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser Computational Study on the Unimolecular Decomposition of JP-8 Jet Fuel Surrogates III: Butylbenzene Isomers (n-, s-, and t-C14H10), J. Phys. Chem. A, 122, 3980-4001  (2018).   (PDF)

404.   L. Zhao, R.I. Kaiser, B. Xu, U. Ablikim, M. Ahmed, M.V. Zagidullin, V.N. Azyazov, A.H. Howlader, S.F. Wnuk, A.M. Mebel VUV Photoionization Study on the Formation of the Simplest Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon: Naphthalene (C10H8), J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9, 2620-2626  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

405.   A. Bergantini, R. Frigge, R.I. Kaiser Constraining the Molecular Complexity in the Interstellar Medium-The Formation of Ethyl Methyl Ether (CH3OCH2CH3) in Star-forming Regions, The Astrophysical Journal 859, 59  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

406.   C. Zhu, R. Frigge, A.M. Turner, R.I. Kaiser, B-J Sun, S-Y Chen, A.H.H. Chang First identification of unstable phosphino formic acid (H2PCOOH), Chem. Comm. 54, 5716-5719  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

407.   A.M. Thomas, B.B. Dangi, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, L. Lin, T-J Chou, A.H.H. Chang Are Nonadiabatic Reaction Dynamics the Key to Novel Organosilicon Molecules? The Silicon (Si(3P))-Dimethylacetylene (C4H6(X1A1g)) System as a Case Study, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9, 3340-3347  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

408.   A.N. Morozov, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser A Theoretical Study of Pyrolysis of exo-Tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene and Its Primary and Secondary Unimolecular Decomposition Products, J. Phys. Chem. A. 122, 4920-4934  (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)

409.   A. Bergantini, M.J. Abplanalp, P. Pokhilko, A.I. Krylov, C.N. Shingledecker, E. Herbst, R.I. Kaiser, A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Formation of Interstellar Propylene Oxide (CH3CHCH2O)-A Chiral Molecule, The Astrophysical Journal 860, 108  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

410.   R. Frigge, C. Zhu, A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, A. Bergantini, B-J Sun, Y-L Chen, A.H.H. Chang, R. I. Kaiser, A Vacuum Ultraviolet Photoionization Study on the Formation of N-methyl Formamide (HCONHCH3) in Deep Space: A Potential Interstellar Molecule with a Peptide Bond, The Astrophysical Journal 862, 84  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

411.   A. Bergantini, C. Zhu, R.I. Kaiser, A Photoionization Reflectron Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometric Study on the Formation of Acetic Acid (CH3COOH) in Interstellar Analog Ices, The Astrophysical Journal 862, 140  (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

412.   A.M. Thomas, L. Zhao, C. He, A.M. Mebel, R.I. Kaiser, A Combined Experimental and Computational Study on the Reaction Dynamics of the 1-Propynyl (CH3CC)-Acetylene (HCCH) System and the Formation of Methyldiacetylene (CH3CCCCH), J. Phys. Chem. A 122, 6663-6672 (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

413.   M. Lucas, A. M. Thomas, T. Yang, R. I. Kaiser, A. M. Mebel, D. Hait, and M. Head-Gordon, Bimolecular Reaction Dynamics in the Phenyl-Silane System: Exploring the Prototype of a Radical Subsitition Mechanism, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 9, 5135-5142 (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

414.   R. Frigge, C. Zhu, A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, B-J Sun, Y-S Huang, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, Synthesis of the hitherto elusive formylphosphine (HCOPH2) in the interstellar medium - a molecule with an exotic phosphorus peptide bond, Chem. Comm. 54, 10152-10155 (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

415.   A.M. Turner, A. Bergantini, M.J. Abplanalp, C. Zhu, S. Góbi, B-J Sun, K-H Chao, A.H.H. Chang, C. Meinert, R.I. Kaiser An interstellar synthesis of phosphorus oxoacids, Nature Comm. 9, 3851 (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

416.   S.J. Brotton, M. Lucas, T.N. Jensen, S.L. Anderson, R.I. Kaiser, Spectroscopic Study on the Intermediates and Reaction Rates in the Oxidation of Levitated Droplets of Energetic Ionic Liquids by Nitrogen Dioxide, J. Phys. Chem. A 122, 7351-7377 (2018).   (PDF)   (Data Files)

417.   L. Zhao, R.I. Kaiser, B. Xu, U. Ablikim, M. Ahmed, M.M. Evseev, E.K. Bashkirov, V.N. Azyazov, A.M. Mebel, Low-Temperature Formation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Titan's Atmosphere, Nat. Astron. 2, 973–979, (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

418.   M.V. Zagidullin, R.I. Kaiser, D.P. Porfiriev, I.P. Zavershinskiy, M. Ahmed, V.N. Azyazov, A.M. Mebel, Functional Relationships between Kinetic, Flow, and Geometrical Parameters in a High-Temperature Chemical Microreactor, J. Phys. Chem. A, 8819–8827, (2018).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)

419.   M. Lucas, S.J. Brotton, S.K. Shukla, J. Yu, S.L. Anderson, R.I. Kaiser, Oxidation of a Levitated Droplet of 1-Allyl-3-methylimidazolium Dicyanamide by Nitrogen Dioxide, J. Phys. Chem. A 123, 400-416, (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

420.   A.M. Thomas, B.B. Dangi, T. Yang, R.I. Kaiser, B.-J. Sun, T.-J. Chou, A.H.H. Chang, A Crossed Molecular Beams Investigation of the Reactions of Atomic Silicon (Si(3P)) with C4H6 Isomers (1,3-Butadiene, 1,2-Butadiene, and 1-Butyne), Chem. Phys. 520, 70-80, (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

421.   C. Zhu, R. Frigge, A.M. Turner, M.J. Abplanalp, B.-J. Sun, Y.-L. Chen, A.H.H. Chang, R.I. Kaiser, A vacuum ultraviolet photoionization study on the formation of methanimine (CH2NH) and ethylenediamine (NH2CH2CH2NH2) in low temperature interstellar model ices exposed to ionizing radiation, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 21, 1952-1962, (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)  (Data Files)

422.   M. Lucas, S.J. Brotton, J.A.P. Sprenger, M. Finze, S.K. Sharma, R.I. Kaiser, Oxidation of a Levitated 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Dicyanoborate Droplet by Nitrogen Dioxide, J. Phys. Chem. A 123, 780-795 (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

423.   S. J. Brotton, R. I. Kaiser, Spectroscopic Study on the Polymer Condensates Formed via Pyrolysis of Levitated Droplets of Dicyanamide-Containing Ionic Liquids, J. Phys. Chem. A 123, 1153−1167 (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

424.   A. M. Thomas, B. B. Dangi, T. Yang, G. Tarczay, R. I. Kaiser, B.-J. Sun, S.-Y. Chen, A. H. H. Chang, T. L Nguyen, J. F. Stanton, A. M. Mebel, Directed Gas-Phase Formation of the Germaniumsilylene Butterfly Molecule (Ge(μ-H2)Si), J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 10, 1264−1271 (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

425.   M.J. Abplanalp, S. Góbi, R.I. Kaiser, On the Formation and the Isomer Specific Detection of Methylacetylene (CH3CCH), Propene (CH3CHCH2), Cyclopropane (c-C3H6), Vinylacetylene (CH2CHCCH), and 1,3-Butadiene (CH2CHCHCH2) from Interstellar Methane Ice Analogues, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 21, 5378-5393, (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

426.   L. Zhao, R.I. Kaiser, B. Xu, U. Ablikim, W. Lu, M. Ahmed, M. M. Evseev, E. K. Bashkirov, V. N. Azyazov, A. H. Howlader, S. F. Wnuk, A. M. Mebel, Gas-Phase Synthesis of Triphenylene (C18H12), ChemPhysChem 20, 791-797, (2019).   (PDF)   (Supplemental Information)   (Data Files)

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